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Showing 2 results for Skin Infection

Mahdi Amirnia , Mohammadreza Ranjkesh ,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (6-2008)

 Background & Objective: Congenital melanocytic nevi are benign proliferation of melanocyte in the epidermis and dermis in fetal period. These nevi are mostly benign but there is a risk of malignancy in case of firmness, discharge, pain and bleeding. Aim of this study was to describe if they enlarge, these congenital nevi and risk factors of malignancy in this group of patients.

 Methods: This study was a descriptive analytic cross sectional study. The cases were the people who referred to Sina Hospital Dermatology Clinic of Tabriz and had congenital melancytic nevi, the number of cases was 54 for all of them filled out questionnaires aires and the findings were investigated with SPSS and T- test.

 Results: In 50% of the patients, nevi were smaller than 1.5cm and 3.7% over 20cm and 46.3% between 1.5 -20cm. Secondary changes were found in 38% of cases in which the commonest one was hair growth. Other secondary changes were growth, site, Dermal keratosis, Hyper pigmentation and skin infection. About appearance of nevi border of them were regular and smooth in 92.6% and irregular in 7.4%. Suspicious sign of Malignancy findings were considered in 5.6% of cases and in 1.9% of cases developed malignant melanoma.

 Conclusion: This study showed that most of our nevi were benign and the risk of malignancy was low. But presence of induration and rapid growth in moderate or giant congenital melanocytic nevi should trigger us to evaluate malignancy of them. Furthermore malignancy risk in small nevi were much lower than the larger one.

Tooraj Rashidi, Azarmdokht Alamdari Mahd, Arash Dadvand,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2008)

Background & Objectives: Candida Albicans is a fungus that frequently infects diabetic patients. Because it is very common infection in diabetics, we tried to determine the prevalence of infection and the asymptomatic carriers and show factors like age, sex, duration of diabetes and quality of disease control that  probably  have effect on infection.
Methods: In this study 200 diabetic patients were chosen randomly and blood samples were taken for FBS and HbA1C and then skin smears were performed from body folds (Axillaries groin interdigital folds) and probable lesions. The skin samples were cultured in Chrom-Agar medium. Then the gathered data were analyzed.
Results: Overall, from 200 patients, there were 180 (90%) negative culture and 20 (10%) positive cultures. Candidial infection in men and older patients were relatively higher than others. Candida infection in poor controlled diabetes was considerably higher .Infection in type-1 diabetes was more than type-2 diabetes. There was no correlation between duration of diabetes and prevalence of infection.
Conclusion: Candida infection is more common in diabetic patients with poor control, male and older ones.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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