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Showing 4 results for Quality of Life

Aghil Habibi, Soghra Neekpoor, Mahnaz Seyedolshohda, Hamid Haghani,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (4-2008)

Background & Objective: As life expectancy increases health promotion behaviours are even more important, particularly with regard to maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship
between health promotion behaviours and quality of life among elderly people in west region of Tehran.
Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. Through multi-stage sampling method, 410 participants over 60 years old and cognitively intact were selected to contribute in the study. The data-gathering tool consisted of a 2-part questionnaire Health Promotion Behaviour Checklist and Short Form Health Survey (SF12) that were used to measure QoL.
Results: The results of the study showed that there were statistically significant differences in QoL of the elderly related to 'exercise or walking and consumption of milk, dairy products, meat, vegetables and fruits and 'low salt diet', 'low fat diet', 'health check up', 'blood pressure (BP) (p< 0.05). The Elderly with high quality of life had more exercise or walking and consumption of milk, dairy products, meat, and fresh fruit and vegetables and the elderly with low quality of life, had better observed low salt diet, low fat diet, health condition control and blood pressure control.
Conclusion: Regarding the results we found that health promotion behaviours and the quality of life are related meaningfully, so, considering old people as a vulnerable group by health authorities, it is recommended to provide this group with programs and facilities to promote their health behaviours, social participation and to improve health care and provide consultation services.
Saeid Sadeghie Ahari , Solmaz Arshi , Manoochehr Iranparvar , Firouz Amani, Hosein Siahpoosh,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2008)

 Background & Objectives: The prevalence of diabetes and its different methods of treatment have significantly been increased in the last two decades. The actual effect of these treatments is a common topic in the patients’ health and quality of life among these patients has a considerable importance in the community medicine. This study was designed to indicate the quality of life in the diabetic type II patients.

  Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive analytic study in 2004 on 110 type 2 diabetic patients who had referred to Bu Ali Hospital in Ardabil. The patients were randomly selected and took the SF-36 Questionnaire and in the end the data were analyzed by SPSS.

  Results: The average age of the patients was 52.5 with the standard deviation of 11.3 years. 73 of the patients were female (66.4%) and rest of them were male. The average period of sickness among diabetics was 8 years from the time of diagnosis with a standard deviation of 6.2 years. The average of duration of therapy was 7.7 years with 6.1 years standard deviation. 51 patients (46.36%) had the history of hospitalization. Vitality indicator was low in 39.1% of patients. Social functioning was low in 50% of patients. In general, by adding up the quality of life’s various indexes scores based on SF-36 questionnaires standard coefficients, 77% of patients had intermediate and low quality of life.

  Conclusion: According to this study most of the patients in this study had a low quality of life.

Arezo Samadi Bilehsavar , Shabnam Nohesara, Mohammadreza Najarzadegan, Parviz Molaei , Kaveh Alavi, Amirhossein Nadoushan ,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (4-2017)

Background & aims: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of NEO personality dimensions on general health, quality of life and job burnout in a sample of faculty members of Iran University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: In this correlational study, data were collected by convenience sampling using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), WHO Quality of Life- Brief (WHOQOL-FFI), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and NEO-FFI. In order to analyze the data, statistical indices, including mean, standard deviation and Pearson correlation coefficient were used. 

Results: The results showed a significant correlation between  personality dimensions, including  neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness and agreement with any public health variables (correlation coefficients 0.435, 0.533, 334.513, 0.0) and quality of life (correlation coefficients 0.294, 0.438, 312.459, 0.0) and burnout (correlation coefficients 0.259, 0.351,       -0.302, -0.299, 0.0) , respectively in the Department of Surgery, but openness to experience had  no significant correlation with any of the above-mentioned variables. Also, there was a significant relationship between the three variables of public health, quality of life with burnout.

Conclusions: According to the findings, it can be concluded that in the participants of this study, increase of neuroticism scores was associated with decreased general health and quality of life scores and increased job burnout. Further, increased extroversion scores were associated with increase in general health and quality of life and decrease in job burnout scores.

Hasan Ghobadi, Somaieh Matin, Ali Nemati, Hasan Javadi , Reza Alipanah-Moghadam , Mehdi Saeidi-Nir ,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (3-2019)

Background & objectives: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is accompanied by systemic inflammations and is characterized by irreversible airflow limitations. Leptin is a cytokine with pre-inflammatory effect. However, there have been no studies on the effect of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the serum leptin concentration in COPD patients. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the effect of CLA on the serum leptin level, lung function and quality of life in COPD patients.
Methods: This interventional study was conducted on 90 COPD patients. The patients were randomly divided into two groups (supplement and placebo) with 45 patients per group. After obtaining written consent from the patients and recording their demographic characteristics, the spirometry was performed and COPD assessment test (CAT) score was calculated. Moreover, a fasting blood sample was collected from each of them in order to analyze their serum leptin concentration. After that, the patients in the supplement group were administered with 3.2 g/day of CLA for 6 weeks. The patients in another group received placebo. After the intervention, spirometry, CAT score calculation and blood sampling were repeated for all of the patients and the obtained results were analyzed.
Results: after the intervention, a significant decrease both in the serum leptin level and in CAT score as a quality life marker  was observed in the supplement group (p<0.05). Moreover, the FEV1 levels as a lung function test, increased significantly in the supplement group after the intervention (p<0.05). Although, the difference between the two groups was not significant.
Conclusion: The use of CLA supplement can improve COPD patients’ quality of life through decreasing the serum level of leptin in their blood.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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