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Showing 4 results for Pre-Eclampsia

Simin Atash Khoii , Mehri Jafari Shobayri , Sohrab Negargar ,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (4-2005)

 Background and Objectives: Pre-eclampsia is one of the common causes of maternal mortality. A main problem with induction of general anesthesia in these patients is exagergted increase of blood presscure during laryngoscopy and intubation that is associateed with a significantly increased intracranial pressure with the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. There are some strategies to minimize extreme increase in blood pressure during laryngoscopy and intubation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Fentanyl-Droperidol combination (Talamonal) on reducing cardiovascular responses due to laryngoscopy and intubation in preeclamptic parturient.

 Methods: Thirty preeclamptic parturients who were admitted for emergency caesarean section under general anesthesia were studied. All patients had diastolic pressures sustained at ≥ 100 mmHg, and had received antihypertensive therapy. A standard general anesthesia was induced in all patients. Fentanyl-Droperidol combination was used only in the case group five minutes before induction of anesthesia.

 Results: Arterial pressure and heart rate increases, improved in approximately 86.6 % of the case group. The mean increase in systolic pressure, and heart rate following laryngoscopy and intubation was significantly different in two groups (P=0.0001). There was no significant difference in the mean Apgar score of the neonates at 1 and 5 minutes after delivery in two groups.

 Conclusion: Using Fentanyl-Droperidol Combination during induction of anesthesia produced a clinically significant decrease in sympathetic response to laryngoscopy and intubation in most mothers, without any adverse effect on the neonates.

, , , ,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (12-2008)

  Background & Objectives: Preeclampsia is a major cause of prenatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. The early diagnosis of pre-eclampsia remains one of the most important functions of antenatal care .By predicting pre-eclampsia maternal and infantile prenatal mortality rates are expected to be lowered.

  Methods: This was a prospective study with randomly sample that was performed on 400 primiparous women between the 28 and 32 weeks of gestation. At first weight, height, blood pressure on left position and supine position were measured then these women were followed until delivery.

  Results: Of total 400 women, 23 women developed pre-eclampsia. Mean difference of diastolic blood pressure in left position and supine position and BMI were significantly different in the two groups (P<0.05). Using the ROC, BMI higher than 28/88 showed a sensitivity of 61%, specificity of 92%, positive predictive value of 33% and negative predictive value of 97%. Roll-over test higher than 20 mmHg showed a sensitivity of 52%, specificity of 95%, PPV= 39% and NPV= 97%. When the two tests were positive they showed a sensitivity 30%, specificity 99%, PPV= 58% and NPV= 96%.

 Conclusion: The combination of Roll-over test and BMI with low sensitivity has high specificity for rulengout pre-eclampsia.

Fatemeh Ranjkesh , Shokouhosadat Abotorabi , Jamileh Kajinebaf , Fereshteh Abbasi ,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2010)

 Background & objectives: Pre-eclampsia, as a idiopathic disease, is one of the most important causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Deficient or excessive level of trace elements can be considered as an unfavorable factor in pregnancy.The aim of this study was to evaluate copper status in pre-eclamptic women .

 Methods: 95 pre-eclamptic and 92 healthy pregnant women were enrolled in a case - control study .The sera and 24-hour urine copper of two groups were measured by atomic absorption spectrometry. The data were recorded and analyzed statistically by using t-test, X2, and pearson's correlation .

 Result: Copper concentration of serum and 24-hour urine in pre-eclamptic patients were significantly higher than normotensive ones (p<0.000). Intensity of pre-eclampsia did not correlate with copper concentration in the serum and 24-hour urine .

 Conclusions: The results suggest that the high level of copper in maternal serum and urine is in correlation with pre-eclampsia but pre-eclampsia intensity have not significant effects on copper levels. However, further studies would be helpful for this test to be used as a prognostic method for pre-eclampsia.

Shabnam Jafari Zare , Roya Jafary , Roya Motavalli,
Volume 16, Issue 4 (1-2017)

Background & objectives: Early diagnosis of preeclampsia and its severity in pregnant women is greatly important for controlling this disease and preventing subsequent dangers for mother and the fetus. Current study is conducted to assess neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a determining factor for the severity of the disease in patients with preeclampsia referring to Sabalan hospital, Ardabil.

Methods: This was a case control study on 50 pregnant women with severe preeclampsia (group 1), 50 pregnant women with mild preeclampsia (group 2), and 50 healthy pregnant women (group 3). The groups were homogenized for basic variants including age, gestational age, mean BMI, gravid and parity. Required information including age, gestational week, BMI, gravid, parity, 24-hour urine protein, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and NLR were obtained and analyzed.

Results: The NLR was significantly higher in women with severe preeclampsia compared with mild preeclampsia (p=0.031) and healthy women (p<0.001). NLR did not show difference between mild preeclampsia and healthy women (p=0.209). Significant positive correlation was also observed between NLR and proteinuria (p<0.0001, r=0.558), systolic blood pressure (p=0.0026, r=0.244), and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.0028, r=0.242).

Conclusion: This study showed that maternal NLR can be used as a marker for preeclampsia severity.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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