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Showing 2 results for Ctx-M

Hoosna Sarvazad, Mojtaba Darbouy,
Volume 17, Issue 3 (10-2017)
Abstract

Background & objectives: One of the main problems in the control of nosocomial infections due to Klebsiella pneumoniae is increase of antimicrobial resistance and prevalence of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBLs) producing isolates. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of antibiotics resistance with SHV, CTX-M and TEM extended-spectrum beta lactamases genes among Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates isolated from the patients in Kermanshah hospital.
Methods: The clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae were collected during the spring from Kermanshah hospitals, and identification of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains was performed using standard microbiological and biochemical tests. Antibiotic resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates was determined using disk diffusion method. Then, the presence of CTX-M, SHV, and TEM was investigated using multiplex-PCR method. Finally, the relationship between variables was analyzed by SPSS-22 software using logistic regression and chi-square.
Results: A total of 98 isolates out of 112 samples were identified as Klebsiella pneumonia. Also, 82.8% of isolates were resistant to cefotaxime, 40.2% to ceftriaxone, 62.88% to ceftazidime, 3.9% to imipenem, 39.17% to cefepime, 64.94% to cefixime and 26.8% to amikacin. Further, 35.55% of isolates had CTX-M gene, 63.91% of isolates had SHV gene and 9.27% of samples had TEM gene.
Conclusion: The presence of CTX-M, SHV and TEM genes along with high antibiotic resistance are very concerning, indicating the importance of rational use of antibiotic for the treatment of infectious diseases.
 
Lida Jalali Dizage, Mohammad Reza Nahaei, Javid Sadegi,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (10-2019)
Abstract

Background & objectives: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common types of hu­man infections and Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia are the main causes of urinary tract infection among the gram negative bacteria. The prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) among these bacteria and hence resistant strains to β-lactam antibiotics have increased in recent decades. Several types of extended-spectrum β-lactamases, such as TEM, SHV and CTX-M have been identified, which are prominently present in the strains of E. coli and K. pneumoniae. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of TEM and SHV genes in E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates of urinary tract infections by using phenotypic and molecular (PCR) tech­niques in microbiology laboratory at medical school of Tabriz Islamic Azad University.
Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 50 isolates of E. coli and 50 isolates of K. pneumoniae collected from uri­nary tract infections from out-patients in Tabriz. Antibiotic sensitivity patterns of isolates were stu­died against 14 antibiotics by disk diffusion test (Kirby Bauer) and also confirmatory tests were performed using combined antibiotic tests. Finally TEM and SHV genes were investigated using molecular methods (PCR).
Results: Twenty five isolates (25%) out of 100 bacterial isolates were identified as ESBL-producing isolates of which 13 isolates (26%) were E. coli and 12 isolates (24%) were K. pneumoniae. The TEM and SHV genes were detected in 2% and 4% of E.coli and 0% and 2% of K. pneumoniae isolates, respectively.
Conclusion: The presence of these genes among our isolates confirmed ESBL genes in these medically important bacteria leading to resistance against β-lac­tam antibiotics which are routinely used in their treatments. The low frequency of the studied genes could be because of the source of our isolates from out-patients which are not generally exposed to antibiotics

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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