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Showing 6 results for Samadi
Eabbas Yazdanbod, Fateme Samadi, Reza Malekzade, Masuood Babaie , Manoogehr Iranparvar , Ahmad Azami ,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2005)
Background & Objectives: Recent studies in Ardabil province indicated that upper GI cancer is the most common kind of cancer in this province. Due to the lack of any study concerning the survival rate of the patients in this province, the present research set out to evaluate the effect of demographic features of GI cancers, risk factors, histopathology type, the site of tumor and treatment on the survival rate of these patients.
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical and prospective study, we followed up 420 upper GI cancer cases (141 esophagus cancers and 279 stomach cancers) who were initially diagnosed in the only subspeciality GI clinic of Ardabil province during four years from 2000 to 2003.
Results: The information related to 299 patients was recorded. The dates of death of 55 cases were found referring to the provincial death registration program while the addreses of 67 cases were not found. The 1-4-year survival rates in the patients with upper GI cancer in Ardabil province were 25.9%, 11.1%, 4.5% and 1.8% respectively. In this study men had a lower survival rate than women and patients with esophagus cancer had a longer survival rate. In the patients with stomach cancer "Signet ring cell type" histopathology had the lowest survival rate. The patients who had undergone surgery survived longer than other patients with no resectional surgery treatment. Histopathology grading, age at first diagnosis, positive familial history of GI cancer, as well as cigarette, alcohol and opium consumption had no effect on survival rate of these patients.
Conclusion: Overall survival rate of our patients is very low this condition might be related to late diagnosis and less treatment facilities in Ardabil province.
Seid Hadi Hakim, Gahanbachsh Samadikhah , Samad Gafari , Azin Alizadeh ,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (spring 2006)
Background & Objectives: Thrombosis with high mortality is a serious complication of prosthetic heart valves and requires treatment, which includes reoperation or using filbrinolytic medications. Regarding the importance of the issue and high mortality rate in reoparation, the present study was performed to determine the efficacy and pragnosis of fibrinolytic therapy on mechanical prosthetic valve.
Methods: This prospective study was preformed on seventeen patients with PVT who had undergone treatment with streptokinase (SK). After the primary diagnosis, the response to treatment was echocardiography and TEE. Patients with large clots or equal to 1cm clots, pregnant women and patients who had been operated in a month prior to the study were excluded.
Results: Of the 17 patients (9 female and 8 male, mean age= 43.8 ± 11) 14 had mechanical double-let prostheses (8 mitral & 6 aortic) and 3 patients had single-let prostheses (1 aortic and 2 mitral). 71.3% of the patients with a double-let prosthesis responded completely to the treatment with SK. In none of the patients with a single-let prosthesis the treatment was successful. Also treatment of acute thrombosis was more effective in aortic position (71.4%) than in mitral– valve (50%) (p=0.02). Mortality rate due to cerebral bleeding was 5.8%. Two systemic embolic events (11.8%) occurred (1 cerebral and 1 renal) with transient signs.
Conclusion: The use of fibrinolytic agents was effective, relatively safe and available especially in patients with less than two weeks’ presentation, small clot and NYHA class I and II and in aortic-position thrombosis.
Mohammadali Karimi Aghdam , Mahmood Samadi, Shamsi Ghaffari , Fariba Mahmoodpoor,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2008)
Background & Objectives: There are several methods for PDA closure. This study compared results, complications and cost effectiveness of surgical and nonsurgical PDA closure with coil.
Methods: Patients who admitted in Shahid Madani Hospital in 2005 surgical and nonsurgical closure of PDA were included in this study. Data were obtained from patients units. All cases followed up for six months. Data were analyzed thorough SPSS.
Results: From 21 patients of nonsurgical method in two cases (9.5%), coil embolizations were occurred to pulmonary artery, that they were removed in cath lab and then refered to a surgery unit. One case (4.5%) has residual shunt at PDA, that who was waiting for second coil. In six month follow-up, PDA completely was closed in 18 (86%) patients and no complications were seen.
In surgical method there were 42 patients. In six month follow-up, there were residual shunt in 2 (4.7%) cases and chylothorax in 1 (2.3%) patient, transient left diaphragmatic paresis in 2 (4.7%) and transient vocal cord paresis in 2 (4.7%) cases were seen.
Mean at hospitalization and ICU, laboratory tests and radiographic examinations in nonsurgical method were significantly less than surgical method (P<0.0005). There was no significant difference in drug cost between two methods (P= 0.793). Mean cost of instruments and total hospital cost of the patients in nonsurgical method were significantly more than surgical method for high cost of coil (P<0.0005), but men payment of patients to the hospital in two groups did not have any significant difference (P= 0.056).
Conclusion: In general, PDA closure through nonsurgical method had better and effective results and complications. However, it is more expensive.
Salman Alizadeh, Hamid Samvat, Mohammad Taghi Samadi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 2008)
Background & Objectives: One of the main areas of research in hot springs is to investigate the probability of the presence of gamma radiation resulting from the natural radioactivity substances in geologic combinations in volcanic regions. Meshkinshahr with a beautiful landscape is located in the northwest of Iran. Sabalan volcanic mountain has created many hot springs in its vicinity. One of the major ones is hot spring of Qotursui with PH= 2.5 n the north east, chainarja with an average temperature of 80 0c and Ilando and moillsui in the northwest of sabalan. This study was done to determine the environmental gamma and the annual absorption dose for the above hot springs and to compare it with that of world standard in Meshkinshahr in 2007-2008.
Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, a Geiger Muller dose meter (Model: Smart Ion) was used to measure the amount of environmental gamma. Placing the dose meter in two different heights of 1 meter and 5 centimeter respectively, the mean of environmental gamma was obtained. The number of dosemetry in each season was at least 30 in the morning and in the afternoon. In each dosemetry, 3 points in the source of the dosemetry was repeated in the deposits. The dose meter in each height was kept on a stool for 10 minutes and it registered the information momentarily. The findings were analyzed through a T-test.
Results: Results during one year study show total average level of dose of environmental radiation for Hot springs of Ghainarjeh 26.3, Ilando 21.6, and Moill 22.04 msv.y -1.
Conclusion: Average dose of gamma rays in Hot springs is high in proportion to world standard which is more than 8-10 times and this region can be considered as high natural radioactive.
Eiraj Feizi , Rahim Samadi , Nasrin Samadi ,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (summer 2011)
Uterus leiomyomas are the most common benign tumors and usually are asymptomatic. This article is a report of an approximately large Myoma (12 × 12 × 21 cm). The subject was a 40-year-old woman with pelvic fracture. While examining, a large mass was found in the pelvic. The patient was transferred to the operation room to further examination. During the surgery an almost constant but stiff mass was found in hypogastrium that overextended to the umbilicus. For the last few months, the patient had some disorders such as constipation and oligomenorrhea but these disorders were not important and discomfortable complaining for the patient. Patient was clinically assumed to have ovarian tumor and referred for laparotomy. After surgery, pathological examination showed that it was a subserosal Myoma.
Arezo Samadi Bilehsavar , Shabnam Nohesara, Mohammadreza Najarzadegan, Parviz Molaei , Kaveh Alavi, Amirhossein Nadoushan ,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (spring 2017)
Background & aims: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of NEO personality dimensions on general health, quality of life and job burnout in a sample of faculty members of Iran University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: In this correlational study, data were collected by convenience sampling using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), WHO Quality of Life- Brief (WHOQOL-FFI), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and NEO-FFI. In order to analyze the data, statistical indices, including mean, standard deviation and Pearson correlation coefficient were used.
Results: The results showed a significant correlation between personality dimensions, including neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness and agreement with any public health variables (correlation coefficients 0.435, 0.533, 334.513, 0.0) and quality of life (correlation coefficients 0.294, 0.438, 312.459, 0.0) and burnout (correlation coefficients 0.259, 0.351, -0.302, -0.299, 0.0) , respectively in the Department of Surgery, but openness to experience had no significant correlation with any of the above-mentioned variables. Also, there was a significant relationship between the three variables of public health, quality of life with burnout.
Conclusions: According to the findings, it can be concluded that in the participants of this study, increase of neuroticism scores was associated with decreased general health and quality of life scores and increased job burnout. Further, increased extroversion scores were associated with increase in general health and quality of life and decrease in job burnout scores.