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Showing 2 results for Saghi

Maryam Saghiri, Niloofar Sattarzadeh, Nosrat Tabrizi, Zakariya Pezeshki,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008)
Abstract

Background & Objective: Labor pain is one of the most severe pains that mothers experience. Intense pain leads to stress and has unfavorable effects on the mother and fetus. This research was done to determine the effect of using Entonox (N2O) self administration on reducing labor pain in the active phase of labor& delivery, Mode of delivery, and newborn's Apgar score.
Methods: One hundred and twenty primiparous women in 29 Bahman Hospital in Tabriz were included it this randomly single-blind research. In the active phase of delivery, Entonox and Oxygen gases were used. The severity of the mother's pain was asked and was scored according to analogue criterion.
Results: There was a significant difference in frequency of pain intensity in two groups of Entonox and Oxygen. The Mean score of pain intensity in Entonex user, in the first & second stage of labor was 5.93% and 5.82% respectively, while for the oxygen users it was 6.99% and 6.74% which was significant. 41.7% of the mothers in the Entonox group had a severe pain and 11.7% had a very severe pain, whereas in the Oxygen group 58.3% of the mothers had a severe pain and 25% of them had very severe pain (p< 0.001). Meanwhile we found no significant difference between modes of delivery progress of labor and newborn's Apgar
score.
Conclusion: According to research results, Entonox reduces the intensity of labor pain more than oxygen and is effective during the first and second phase of delivery.
Adalat Hosseinian , Vahideh Kasayi , Alireza Mohammadzade , Shahram Habibzadeh , Fariba Saghi , Mahnaz Davari , Azam Barzegar, Mehri Seyedjavadi ,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (spring 2014)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives : Nowadays, coronary artery disease is the most common cause of death in developed countries and in the whole world. According to the WHO reports, it will be the main cause of death in 2020. Myocardial infarction is the most common diagnosis among hospitalized patients in industrialized countries. This disease causes more mortality and morbidity than others. Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABGS) is one of the common treatments for ischemic heart disease but it may have some complications. In this study we wanted to evaluate the incidence of CABGS complications in Imam Khomeini Hospital of Ardabil in the first month after CABG.

  Methods: This study was a cross sectional analytic descriptive type and performed on all of the patients underwent CABGS in Imam Khomeini Hospital during 2011-2012. All of the data from patients (like demographic, past medical history, physical exam findings, paraclinical findings and CABGS complications) were inserted in special forms after gathering, and analyzed by SPSS v.16.

  Results: In this study, 211 patients were studied. About 145 (68.72%) of them were male and 66 (31.28%) were female. Seventy patient (33.17%) were more than 70 years old. About 33.22% of patients had a history of cigarette smoking and 9.95% were opioid abused. The 34.12% of patients had hypertension (HTN) history, 40.28% diabetes mellitus (DM), 17.06% history of hyperlipidemia and 63.98% had a history of the previous MI. Chest pain was the most common complication among the patients (93.36%). According to our study the prevalence rate of post CABGS complications were: bleeding after surgery 13.27%, postoperative myocardial infection 8.05%, neurological disorders 12.32%, renal complications 2.36%, respiratory symptoms 11.37% and 34.59% for cardiovascular complications. Also the total mortality was 5 (2.36%) persons. The data analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between sex with survival status, local infection and neurological disorders, and also there was a significant relationship between age with post CABGS survival, bleeding after surgery and renal complications. There was also a significant relationship between DM and post CABGS survival, local infections and respiratory complications and between HTN and local infections.

  Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the most common post CABGS complications were cardiovascular complications, especially arrhythmias.



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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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