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Showing 7 results for Pahlavan

Gholamreza Sepehri , Vahid Sheibani , Yasamin Pahlavan , Mohammadreza Afarinesh Khaki , Khadijeh Esmail Pour Bezenjani, Bahareh Pahlavan ,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2011)

  Background & objectives: Origanum Vulgare is an herbal plant which is widely distributed in the north and northwest parts of Iran and posses therapeutic properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of aqueous extract of Origanum Vulgare L. ssp. viride on pain threshold in male rats.

  Methods: In this study,28 Male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were divided randomly into 4 groups (n=7) . Rats were anaesthetized with a mixture of ketamine and xylazine and placed in stereotaxic apparatus. A guide cannula was inserted into ventricular area, according to the atlas of Paxinos and Watson. One week after surgery , three groups of rats received microinjection of Origanum extract (1, 3, 6µg/rat). Controls received the microinjection of the same volume of saline. Tail flick latency (TFL) was used to assess the nociceptive response each 15 min for 120 min, using tail flick test. The results were analyzed by repeated measurement test. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the mean values of quantitative variable among the groups. The data are expressed as mean ± SEM. p < 0.05 was considered significant.

  Results: Intracerebroventricular administration of the Origanum extract resulted in significant and dose-dependent increase in TFL compared to controls (p<0.05). Origanum extract at dose of 3µg/rat showed the highest analgesic response. The maximum analgesic response was observed at 60 min and 90 min post extract injection (p<0.05).

  Conclusion: These results suggest that the ICV injection of aqueous extract of Origanum Vulgare possesses dose- dependent antinociceptive activities in the tail flick test in rats.

Yasamin Pahlavan , Gholam Reza Sepehri , Mohammad Reza Afarinesh Khaki , Vahid Sheibani, Khadijeh Esmail Pour Bezenjani , Bahareh Pahlavan ,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (summer 2011)

 Background and Objectives: Opiodergic system has important role in pain control. Origanum vulgare is a folk medicine with analgesic properties which is widely distributed in the north and northwest parts of Iran. The mechanism of therapeutic effects of Origanum vulgare is not understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intervention effect of opioid agonist (morphine) and antagonist (naloxone) on analgesic effects of Origanum vulgare.

 Methods: In this study 28 Male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were used (n=7). The rats were anaesthetized by ketamine (80mg /kg) and xylazine (10mg /kg) and a cannula was inserted into the left ventricle according to atlas of Paxinos characteristics using stereotaxic apparatus. The animals were allowed to recover for 5-7 days .In pilot examination, the effective dose of ORG extract determined 3µg/rat i.c.v. Rats were divided into 4 groups:Control group given saline 0.5ml.i.p/ saline 5µl.i.c.v or ORG 3µg/rat.i.c.v. other groups are morphine (2mg/kg ,i.p) and ORG3µg/rat,i.c.v , Naloxone (1mg/kg,i.p) and ORG 3µg/rat,i.c.v. The latency response of rats to thermal stimulation was recorded (30, 45, 60, 75, 90 &120 min after treatment) by Tail flick test. Repeated Measurement test and ANOVA were used to determine significant differences.

 Results: There was significant decrease in the pain threshold following the co-administration of ORG extract with naloxone in the Tail flick test. There also was significant decrease in the latency response or pain threshold 90 and 120 min after intervention in naloxone group compared with that in control group (p< 0.05).

 Conclusion: The results of this study showed that analgesic effect of aqueous extract of Origanum vulgare may be mediated, at least in part, by opioidergic system.

Amin Moradi , Bahareh Pahlavan , Ali Sadigi, Yasamin Pahlavan ,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (spring 2012)

  Background & Objectives: Severely comminuted distal femur fractures are in association with the high complications and their treatment is so difficult. Supracondylar femur fractures usually occur as a result of low-energy trauma in osteoporotic bone in elderly persons or high-energy trauma in young patients. This study was aimed to assess the results of new treatment plan for comminuted intra-articular distal femur fractures with locking condylar buttress plate. The results of this strategy will help us to find the effective method of treatment for the distal femur fractures.

  Methods: In a prospective cross-sectional study, 47 patients with intra-articular distal femur fractures after two weeks fracture and treating with locking condylar buttress plate were selected. Then, they were examined for infection, range of knee motion and ::union:: at the first and second week and 1, 2 and 3 months after surgery. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and the level of significance was set as p<0.05.

  Results: 53.2% of the patients had closed fractures, 6.4% of them had open type I and the rest showed open type IIIA fracture. The overall ::union:: rate was seen in 80.9% of cases and infection was detected in 19/1% and mal::union:: was observed 21.3% of patients. The mean degree for range of motion was 105.74 ±24.47 and the maximum degree of extension was 20.

  Conclusion : Complete fixation for distal femur fracture type C3 was achieved by buttress plate and using this locking condylar plate was association with less complication such as infection, mal::union:: and non-::union::.

Golamhosein Ettehad, Neda Parastar, Yasamin Pahlavan, Mojtaba Amani,
Volume 12, Issue 3 (autumn 2012)

 Background & Objectives: Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs), a member of photolytic enzyme family, degrade the extra cellular matrix. MMPs have very important roles in physiological and pathological processes. It has been reported that MMPs concentration increase in malignancies such as stomach, breast, colon, lung, head and neck cancers . Infectionwith Helicobacter pylori is risk factor for gastric cancer and may increase the serum level of MMP-9. The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of MMP-9 in sera of patients infected with H. pylori.

 Methods: In a descriptive-experimental study, apparent healthy individuals who were refereed for stool and blood tests were randomly selected and their stools and sera samples were collected. A questionnaire containing age, sex, smoking and special diseases in family and type of their diseases was filled for every volunteer. The sera collected immediately after blood sampling and stored in -70oC until used. The concentration of MMP-9 was assessed using ELISA. Stool samples were used for detection of H. pylori antigen.

 Results: H. pylori positive, negative and equivocal volunteers were 52.38%, 29.76% and 17.85%, respectively. Differences between MMP-9 concentration and H. pylori negative and positive groups were not significant (p=0.25). A significant increase in MMP-9 concentration was found in sera from drivers in compare with housewives.

 Conclusion: Although there was an increase in serum concentration of MMP-9 in H. pylori infected person, differences between H. pylori negative and positive groups were not significant. The raised concentration of MMP-9 in drivers may arise from difference in their health condition in compare with the housewives. This study suggests that MMP-9 level in serum may increase before initiation of gastric cancer in H. pylori infected individuals.

Tahereh Haghpanah, Vahid Sheibani, Mohammad Reza Afarinesh, Mousa Al Reza Hajzadeh, Khadijeh Esmail Pour Bezenjani, Yasamin Pahlavan,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (winter 2012)

  Background & Objectives: I ntra-hippocampal adminestration of origanum (ORG) improves spatial learning of rats. T he aim of the present study was to investigate the possible mechanism for origanum extract on spatial learning and memory in the hippocampus.

  Methods : In this study 42 adult male Wistar rats were used . Animals were cannulated bilaterally in the posterior laterl of hippocampus. After the recovery period, the spatial learning and memory were assessed using Morris Water Maze (MWM). Saline, ORG (0.03μg/site) glutamate receptor antagonist MK801 (0.08, 0.2 and 0.4 μmol/site) and co-injected of MK + ORG was injected into the posterior lateral of hippocampus 20 minutes before the training and retrival sesions (for 5 consecutive days) (n=7).

  Results: The results showed that the intra-hippocampal injection of MK 801 significantly blocked the decreased distance and time of reaching (due to ORG injection) to find hidden platform of MWM (p<0.05). On the retrival tests, the average of time spent in the target area is reduced in the co-injected of MK801 + ORG group.

  Conclusion: The intra-hippocampal injection of aqueous extract oforiganum may improve working memory in rats through glutamate-dependent NMDA receptors.

Gholhmhosein Ettehad, Firouzeh Afshar-Ghahramani, Yasamin Pahlavan, Mojtaba Amani ,
Volume 12, Issue 5 (suppl 2012)

  Background & Objectives: Endothelium nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is a type of enzyme which produces an endogenous factor called nitric oxide (NO). NO plays important role in progress of euplastic diseases. In chronic gastritis, the increased level of NO causes damages to DNA. The aim of present study is to evaluate eNOS concentration in sera of healthy people and those infected by Helicobacter pylori .

  Methods: The sera and stool specimens from 84 voluntaries (Female: 58.3%, Males 41.6%) were collected. Helicobacter pylori antigen in the stool specimens and eNOS levels in sera were determined using ELISA . Obtained data were analyzed using Excell software.

  Results : The age range was from 1 to 78 years old (Mean: 30 years old). In terms of special diseases, 70.2% did not have any special diseases, but 29.76% showed at least one special disease, mainly thyroid disease and hypertension. The results for H. pylori stool antigen detection showed that 16.6%, 29.76% and 53.57% of collected specimens were equivocal, Helicobacter pylori negative and positive respectively. Comparison of sera concentrations of eNOS showed that there is no significant change among these three groups.

  Conclusion : As mentioned in results, the eNOS sera concentrations showed no significant change in Helicobacter pylori positive and negative groups. Albeit the other studies showed the significant increase in serum concentration of Helicobacter pylori positive patient, this controversy may arise from race and variations in Helicobacter pylori pathogenic islands such as those containing VacA and CagA. We propose to conduct a similar study in Ardabil to focus on the pathogenic islands of H. pylori strains in this province.

Manoochehr Barak , Farhad Pourfarzi , Shima Jirodi , Gity Rahimi , Yasamin Pahlavan ,
Volume 12, Issue 5 (suppl 2012)

  Background & Objectives: Nosocomial infections occur following admission of patients in the hospitals and usually are accompanied by significant mortalities. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of nosocomial infections and the causatives in Ardabil Bu Ali hospital during 2010.

  Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study which has been done on collection of information through practical examinations, laboratory tests and files of nosocomillay infected patients in Ardabil Bu Ali hospital during 2010. Data were analyzed by SPSS.

  Results: From a total of 3254 patients, 42 (1.3%) had got nosocomial infections. Of these infected patients 47.6% was males and 52.4% was females. Infection was more frequent in patients with ages between 1 month to1 year old (45.2%). Sepsis (33.3%), pneumonia and blood stream infections (23.8%) and urinary tract infection (19%) were the most frequent infections. The mean length of hospital stay was 26.86 days. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common pathogen reported (23.8%). Infection was more common in NICU (38.1%).

  Conclusion: In this study, the frequency of nosocomial infection was lower than other studies. Distribution of infection differed with age, ward and length of stay in the hospital.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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