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Showing 11 results for Mazani

Mohammad Mazani , Hasan Argani , Nadereh Rashtchizadeh , Mohammad Rohbaninoubar , Amir Ghorbanihagjo , Reza Mahdavi , Reza Razzaghi , Babak Rahimi Ardabily , Seyedjamal Ghaemmaghami ,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (Autumn 2006)
Abstract

  Background and Objectives: A great amount of evidence shows that Oxidative stress is high among hemodialysis patients. The purpose of present investigation is examination of the effect of zinc supplementation on improvement of oxidative stress in chronic hemodialysis patients.

  Methods: In this double blind clinical trial 65 chronic hemodialysis patients were studied in two groups Group one (35 patients) received placebo and group two (30 patients) received 100 mg elemental zinc (as zinc sulfate) daily for 2 months. The placebo and supplement discontinued in next 2 months. Then, the study continued for two other months in the cross-over from. The levels of serum zinc, total glutathione, malondialdehyde (MDA), total serum antioxidant capacity and the activity of whole blood superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined on 0th, 60th,120th,180th days, in fasting, predialysis samples. Food record was recorded for one day prior to dialysis in above-mentioned days and their dietary zinc was assessed.

  Results: Basal serum zinc levels in both groups were below 80 μ g/dl. The zinc upplementation led to significant increase in the levels of serum zinc in both groups .The levels of serum total antioxidant capacity, total glutathione and activity of whole blood SOD increased significantly during zinc supplementation period. The concentrations of serum MDA decreased significantly in zinc supplementation period in both groups. During the placebo period the levels of MDA in first group increased significantly, whereas the concentration of glutathione in second group decreased significantly. The body mass index (BMI) values did not change significantly during the study.

  Conclusion: It can be concluded that in patients undergoing hemodialysis the oxidative stress enhanced during nonsupplementation period (zinc sulfate). Low serum zinc levels are improved by zinc administration and zinc supplementation improves oxidative stress.


Mohammad Mazani , Hormoz Iremlou, Hasan Argani ,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (summer 2010)
Abstract

  Background and Objectives: Neuropathy is a common complication in hemodialysis patients. The purpose of this investigation is examination of the effect of zinc supplementation on nerve conduction velocity in chronic hemodialysis patients.

  Methods: In this clinical trial 65 chronic hemodialysis patients were studied in two groups: Group one (35 patients) received 100 mg placebo (corn starch) and group two (30 patients) received 100 mg elemental zinc (as zinc sulfate) daily for 2 months. The placebo and supplement discontinued in the next 2 months. Then, the study continued for two other months in the cross-over form group one received 100 mg zinc and group two received 100 mg placebo daily for 2 months . The function of central and peripheral nerves were evaluated at the 0th, 60th, 120th, 180th days by nerve conduction velocity of electrodiagnostic test .

  Results: The function of nerves didn’t change significantly or some parameters markedly decreased in placebo period in both groups. Significant increase was found in the function of nerves during zinc supplementation period in both groups.

  Conclusion: These data indicate that zinc supplementation improve neuron function in patients undergoing hemodialysis


Mohammad Mazani , Shabnam Javadi , Jafar Bashiri , Abbas Naghizadeh, Amir Mansoor Vatankhah,
Volume 10, Issue 3 (autumn 2010)
Abstract

  Background and Objectives: Gastric cancer is the most incident disease in Iran that leads to death. This study was designed to evaluate the oxidative and antioxidative status in patients with gastric cancer by detecting paraoxonase 1 and arylesterase activities together with the level of malondialdehyde. The purpose of the present investigation was determination of Paraoxonase /Arylesterase activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in the serum of patients with Gastric cancer.

  Methods: In a case-control study, 20 subjects who diagnosed as gastric cancer individuals that referred to Ardabil Aras Clinic were selected from 2008 up to 2009. The case groups were matched with control group (30 subjects). Arylesterase and paraoxonase activities of paraoxonase-1 (PON-1), MDA levels and lipid profile were determined spectrophotometrically in serum of subjects.

  Results: Upon matching of case and control groups, paraoxonase and arylesterase activities in patients with gastric cancer showed to be significantly lower than healthy subjects (190 ± 68.95 IU/L vs 258 ± 68.59 IU/L, 30.5 ± 28.4 U/L vs 284.23 ± 163.2 U/L respectively, P ≤ 0.001). Standardized activities of paraoxonase and arylesterase of case group were lower than controls (P ≤ 0.001). MDA levels have revealed significant increasing in cases than controls. In present study, HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels were found to decrease in patient sera too, but the levels of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol didn’t show to be different between two groups.

  Conclusion: It was concluded that in patients with gastric cancer, oxidative stress was raised by attenuation of antioxidant system and oxidant levels rising.


Reza Mahdavi , Ali Nemati , Eiraj Feizi, Mojtaba Amani , Hosein Alimohammadi Asl, Mohammad Mazani M, Phd4; Nagizadeh Bagi , Abbas , Ali Shadman , Reza Alipanah Mogadam, Asghar Pirzadeh, Mousa Ghayour Nahand,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (summer 2011)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Consumption of ω3 fatty acids supplementation inhibits oxidative stress injury, increases activity of antioxidant enzymes and decreases lipid peroxidation in gastric cancer patients. In this study, we examined effects of ω-3 fatty acid intakes on oxidative stress in gastric cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

  Methods: This double blind clinical trial study was conducted on 30 adult patients (15 cases and 15 controls) with gastric cancer during chemotherapy in Ardabil city in 2010. Case and control groups were selected by randomized allocation. Three grams ω -3 fatty acid supplementation (1.8 g EPA & 1.2 g DHA in 10 g fish oil) and placebo were given case and control groups for 45 days, respectively. Anthropometric indices (weight, height & BMI) were measured. Blood samples were taken and then biochemical factors including triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL and LDL cholesterol, MDA, and total antioxidants were evaluated at the beginning, middle and end of the study . The data were analyzed by using Paired sample t-test, Independent sample t-test and repeated measures test.

  Results: MDA, Weight and BMI of omega group after intervention were significantly more than control group at the end of the study (p<0.05). Weight and BMI were decreased but serum MDA was significantly increased in control group during the study (p<0.05). Weight, BMI , and total antioxidants were significantly increased in omega group during day 30-45, (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in other biochemical factors at the end of study.

  Conclusion: The present investigation shows administration of ω3 fatty acid supplements to gastric cancer patients during chemotherapy increases the total antioxidants capacity and prevents the enhancement of oxidative stress.


Reza Alipanahmogadam , Mohammad Mazani , Abbas Naghizadeh Baghi, Ali Nemati, Mojtaba Amani , Bahman Bashardoost, Amir Mansour Vatankhah , Shahab Bohlooli,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (autumn 2011)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Several evidences show that oxidative stress is high among patients with hemodialysis . This study was aimed to investigate the oxidative stress and serum level of zinc and copper in patients with non-diabetic hemodialysis .

  Methods: In a case-control study, 60 patients with non-diabetic hemdialysis referred to hemodialysis section, Ardabil Bou-Ali hospital, and 60 healthy individuals, matched by age and sex, were selected. In each group, lipid profile, blood glucose, creatinine, urea, total protein, albumin, zinc, copper, malondialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity, activity of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were measured. The results were analyzed statistically by using Pearson correlation coefficient and Student-t test.

  Results: The amount of zinc, blood sugar, cholesterol, triglyceride, total protein, albumin, high density lipoprotein-C and low density lipoprotein-C were significantly lower in patients with hemodialysis in comparison with those in normal individuals. T he activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase in red blood cells and serum total antioxidant capacity were significantly high in patients in comparison with those in control group. However, serum concentrations of copper and malondialdehyde in two groups were not statistically different.

  Conclusion : The results of this study show that increase of antioxidant enzymes activity reduces the oxidative stress status in patients with non-diabetic hemodialysis . Zinc deficiency was also observed in these patients.


Darioush Mohajeri , Ali Rezaie , Ghafour Mousavi, Mohammad Mazani, Adel Rezaei-Moghadam,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (summer 2012)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of Crocin on rat high fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis model.

  Methods: For this purpose, male rats were given either standard diet as control, high fat diet for induction of hepatic steatosis and high fat diet plus Crocin through gavage at different doses (25, 50 and 100 mg kg-1/day) for protection of liver steatosis, at a period of 4 weeks in different experimental groups and compared considering serum lipid profile, serum biomarkers of liver tissue injury, hepatic antioxidant activity and liver histopathological changes. The serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, very low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein for determination of deleterious metabolic effects, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase for determination of hepatocyte injury, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin for assessment of biliary function, malondialdehyde and reduced glutathione content for assessment of liver free radical activity, the enzymatic activities of glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase as indicators of antioxidation in liver tissue, were measured. Finally, the biochemical findings were matched with histopathological verifications.

  Results: After 4 weeks, high fat diet caused deleterious metabolic effects, including hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia and liver dysfunction. Rats fed high fat diet alone showed increased activities of hepatocellular enzymes in plasma, significant decline in antioxidants, and elevated lipid peroxidation indices in liver. Crocin treatment significantly reduced elevated markers of liver tissue injury and malondialdehyde , and brought back the liver antioxidants and the over accumulation lipids in serum towards normal. Histopathology of the liver confirmed the changes induced by high fat diet and the heptoprotective effect of Crocin.

  Conclusions: Crocin exerts protective effects against hepatic steatosis in rats fed with high fat diet possibly through its antioxidant actions.


Ali Shadmanfard, Ali Nemati , Abbas Naghizadeh Baghi, Mohammad Mazani,
Volume 12, Issue 5 (suppl 2012)
Abstract

 Background & Objectives: The intake of antioxidant supplementations can have key role in prevention of oxidative stress in healthy individuals. Pomegranate has antioxidant effects and may play a role in reduction of oxidative stress in healthy males. Therefore, this study examined the effect of pomegranate juice supplementation on oxidative stress in young healthy males.

 Methods : In semi-experimental study, 14 healthy students living in Dormitories of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences were included. Subjects were given one cup of pomegranate juice supplementation per day for two weeks . Fasting blood samples were taken both at the start and the end of 2-week period to measure the antioxidant enzyme activities such as superoxide dismutase , glutathione peroxidase , paraoxonase - 1, aryl esterase , and the values ​​of serum total antioxidant capacity , glutathione, and lipid profiles . Data were analyzed using descriptive and paired t - test s.

 Results: T he level of serum total antioxidant capacity and activities of enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, arylesterase, and standardized arylesterase activity were significantly increased at the end of two weeks (p<0.05). The serum level of malondialdehyde was significantly decreased after intervention (p<0.05). Changes were not significant, although the serum levels of glutathione and HDL- cholesterol increased and LDL- cholesterol decreased at the end of two weeks period.

 Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the pomegranate juice supplementation had beneficial effects in helping body's antioxidant defense system and reduction of oxidative stress in young healthy males . This study suggests that the pomegranate juice supplementation can be useful against oxidative stress included in dietaries of young healthy males.


Jalil Rashedi, Mohammad Asgharzadeh, Seyed Reza Moaddab, Mojtaba Amani, Mohammad Mazani,
Volume 13, Issue 4 (Winter 2013)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: It is estimated that one third of the world’s population is infected by M. tuberculosis. Because of differences in immune system activity against the invasive microorganisms, the disease is developed only among 10% of them. Vitamin D metabolism and its receptor activity are important factors in human native immune system against tuberculosis. In the present study we investigated ApaI polymorphism of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and association with susceptibility to tuberculosis.

  Method: This study was performed on 84 cases with tuberclosis (male =50, female =34) and 90 controls (male =49, female = 41). DNA was extracted from cases and controls leucocytes and elected sequences amplified in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) procedure by using specific primers. ApaI polymorphism of VDR gene evaluated by RFLP technique on PCR products. Finally statistical analysis performed using Chi- square to compare genotype frequencies between cases and controls.

  Results: In case and control groups, AA genotype frequency were 34.5% and 33.3% respectively (OR=0.905, 95% CI 0.469-1.747, p = 0.766) and a genotype frequency in patients and control group were 15.47% and 13.3% respectively (OR=0.808, 95% CI 0.333 –1.961, p=0.637).

  Conclusion: In the present study we could not find any significant relationship between genotype frequency of ApaI (A/a) polymorphism in VDR gene and susceptibility to tuberculosis.


Yavar Mahmoodzadeh , Mohammad Mazani, Lotfollah Rezagholizadeh, Aliasghar Abbaspour, Eslam Zabihi, Pirooz Pourmohammad,
Volume 16, Issue 4 (winter 2017)
Abstract


Background & objectives: Some herbs contain compounds with antioxidant activity and can be used to protect or cure damages caused by chemical toxins. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) on total antioxidants in various tissues and Tanacetum parthenium impacts on reducing devastating effects of carbon tetrachloride.

Methods: A total of 42 male Wistar rats were divided into seven groups of six animals in each group: normal control, damaged control, three groups that treated with 40, 80, and 120 mg/kg of Tanacetum parthenium extract 14 days before CCl4 injection and two groups served as post-treatment groups that received 80 and 120 mg/kg extract 2, 6, 24, and 48 h after CCl4 injection. At the end of study  the liver, kidney, testis, and heart were removed and then homogenized and then the antioxidant activity of the tissues assessed using FRAP method. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA test.

Results: The results showed that the injection of carbon tetrachloride significantly decreasestotal antioxidant in both liver (p<0.001) and kidney (p<0.05) tissues. Administration of extract significantly (p<0.05) increased the total antioxidant of liver and kidney.
Conclusion: Protective effect of Feverfew against CCl4 induced damages is more effective in liver and kidney than testis and heart..


َarash Mehri Pirayvatlo , Reza Alipanah-Moghadam , Mohammad Mazani, Farideh Manafi, Vadood Malekzadeh, Ali Nemati, Abbas Naghizadeh Baghi ,
Volume 16, Issue 4 (winter 2017)
Abstract

Background & objectives: Iron overload is involved in the pathophysiology of many diseases including diabetes. In fact, the excess iron by creating free radicals makes damage to pancreas and leads to insulin resistance and diabetes. Andrographolide extract has hypoglycemic and antioxidant properties. This study has surveyed the effects of andrographolide on blood glucose and lipid profile in rats with secondary iron overload.

Methods: In this experimental study, 36 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: the healthy control group, secondary iron overload group, secondary iron overload groups treated with a dose of 3.5 and 7 mg/kg of andrographolide extract, and andrographolide groups treated with a dose of 3.5 and 7 mg/kg of extract. Iron and extract were injected for 6 and 12 days, respectively. Blood samples were taken for measurement of blood glucose and lipid profiles. Data were analyzed using ANOVA test.

Results: The pathological results of samples from liver of animals receiving iron showed that the iron was deposited in the liver tissues. Iron injection significantly increased blood glucose levels compared to healthy control group (p<0.05). In the iron overload group, andrographolide extract with a dose of 3.5 mg/kg or 7 mg/kg significantly decreased blood glucose levels (p<0.05). Iron injections did not increase the serum triglyceride and cholesterollevels. Injections of andrographolide extract with a dose of 3.5 mg/kg and 7 mg/kg, significantly decreased the cholesterol levels compared to iron receiving group (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Results of this study showed that the andrographolide with different doses may be effective in the treatment of diabetes by reducing serum glucose and cholesterol levels.


Masoud Ojarudi, Mohammad Mazani, Reza Hajihosseini, Alireza Moradi, Lotfollah Rezagholizadeh,
Volume 18, Issue 4 (winter 2019)
Abstract

Background & objectives: Considering the importance of liver toxicity due to drugs and toxins as a major cause of liver damage, this study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the combination of cinnamon and ginger extracts on serum biochemical parameters in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)- intoxicated rats.
 Methods: In this experimental study, forty-two male Wistar rats were divided into 7 groups (n=6). Three control groups including normal control, combined extract control and damaged control were designated that received distilled water, a mixture of cinnamon and ginger extracts and distilled water respectively for 14 days.
 Other 4 groups were pre-treatment  groups which were treated with cinnamon (50 mg/kg/d), ginger (250 mg/kg/d), cinnamon + ginger (25+125 mg/kg/d) and silymarin (100 mg/kg/d) respectively for 14 days before being damaged by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 (1 ml/kg, 1:1 in olive oil). Fifty - two hours after CCl4 injection, blood sampling was performed and biochemical parameters were measured in serum of rats.
Results: The results of this study showed that the injection of CCl4 significantly increased the ALT and AST enzymes activity ,cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL levels and decreased the blood albumin and HDL levels in damaged rats compared to the normal control group (p<0.001). However, pre-treatment with the cinnamon and ginger extracts, especially combination of extracts significantly improved these values ​​compared to the CCl4 damage group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The results suggest that simultaneous use of cinnamon and ginger extracts has more significant protective effects against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity.
 

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