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Showing 4 results for Mahmoodi
Naeima Khodadadi , Haeideh Mahmoodi , Nooshaz Mirhagjoo ,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2008)
Background & Objective: postpartum depression is a kind of psychiatric disorder that psychosocial factors relate with it . This study was performed in order to determine relationship between postpartum depression and psychosocial effects and Determine the rate of postpartum depression in mothers visiting health-medical centers in city of Rasht .
Method: In this descriptive-correlational study, 350 women were selected in the Random cluster manner. The instruments for gathering data were two questionnaires including psychosocial effects and Edinbugh test. The reseacher completed these questionnaires through interview.
Results: The results indicated that 16% of samples suffered from postpartum depression. The results indicated a significant correlation between the satisfaction of life and husband's relatives (p=0.021) the lifes life's unpleasant events (p<0.0001) the psychological disorder history in family (p<0.0001) the post partum depression history in family (p=0.008) the unwanted pregnancy (p=0.041) tendency to abortion (p<0.0001) the satisfaction of mothers about the neonatal gendel (p=0.034) the satisfaction of husband's family about neonatal gentiv (p=0.005) the kind of communication with husband (p<0.0001) The kind of communication with husband's family (p<0.0001) and the postpartum depression .
Conclusion: Nurses have important roles in secondary prevention and screening women suffering from postpartum depepression, and also in appropriate and quick refering them to psychiatrist. Nurses need to be knowledgeable about high-risk factors and share the information with mothers and their families .
Shahram Habibzadeh , Ahmad Ghasemi , Moharram Aghabalaii, Jafar Mohammad Shahi, Bita Shahbazzadegan, Naser Mahmoodi , Jafar Hoseini , Younes Sheshgelani , Nahid Pourmohammadjan,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2013)
Background & Objectives: Considering new pandemic attack with new emerging (H1N1) influenza virus, the study was designed for evaluating clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of patients in Imam Khomeini hospital, admitted with presumptive diagnosis of H1N1 influenza . In all of the patients clinical and paraclinical findings and outcome (including mortality rate and definitive diagnosis) were evaluated. Bed occupancy rate in infectious disease ward and ICU and also mean days of admission were calculated.
Methods: This is a cross sectional study . All 118 patients with acute respiratory symptoms and possible diagnosis of emerging H1N1 influenza that had been admitted at least 24 hours in hospital from 20 October to 1 February 2009 were enrolled in the study. Data collection was done based on questionnaires, with a team other than researchers. The questionnaire included demographic data , clinical symptoms , laboratory findings , radiographic manifestations and outcome of patients. Data analysis was performed with SPSS software version16.
Results: A total of 118 patients were studied: 71 patients ( 60.2%) were female and 47 patients ( 39.8%) were male. Mean ( ± SD) age of admitted patients was 33.81 ± 15.64 years old. The most of admitted patients were in age range of 15 to 30 years old. The most common findings in CXR were bilateral respiratory consolidations and the most common symptoms were fever, weakness and fatigue. About 12.7% of patients had diarrhea. Leukopenia (WBC < 4000) and leukocytosis (WBC > 10000) occurred respectively in 4.58% and 33.2% of cases . Nine patients (7%) were admitted in ICU. I n 21 patients (18%) RT-PCR test results were positive and three of these patients had been admitted in ICU. In patients admitted in ICU while their diagnosis was confirmed, mortality was 33%. 48.3% of patients had at least one predisposing medical condition . Total admission days were 577 days, consisting 519 days in infectious disease ward and 58 days in ICU. Average of hospitalization days per a patient was 4.88 days.
Conclusion: Except epidemiologic clues, there was no pathognomonic sign or symptom to differentiate influenza H1N1 from other respiratory tract infections. High proportions of pregnant women, bilateral respiratory consolidations, and presence of diarrhea and leukopenia in considerable number of patients were the most important findings of the study.
Shima Shafiee, Mino Mahmoodi, Siamak Shahidi ,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (winter 2018)
Background & objectives: exposure to lead has a wide range side effects on fertility. Vitamin D is one of the most important vitamins required for the body. This study was conducted to determine the effect of vitamin D on spermatogenesis in male rats treated with lead nitrate.
Methods: In this experimental study, 25 adult male Wistar rats (250-300 gr) were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=5). Control group without any treatment, the group receiving lead by gavage and experimental groups receiving lead plus vitamin D at doses of 25, 50 and 75 mg/kg body weight by gavage for 28 days. At the end of the study, after anesthetizing the rats, blood samples were collected directly from heart and serum levels of testosterone hormone, Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH) andLuteinizing Hormone (LH) were measured. Histological studies were performed to count the spermatocyte and examine the diameter of the seminal tube. Data were analyzed by SPSS software using one-way ANOVA, at significance level of p>0.05.
Results: Compared to the control group, the mean serum testosterone level in the lead group significantly decreased (p<0.001) and the mean LH and FSH serum levels significantly increased (p<0.001) . Also, spermatocytes and seminiferous tubule diameter significantly decreased (p<0.001). Vitamin D consumption reduced the effects of lead intake, and this effectiveness was completely dose-dependent.
Conclusion: Our data showed that vitamin D has a significant effect on serum testosterone levels and gonadotropins.
Hamidreza Abri, Minoo Mahmoodi , Siamsk Shahidi ,
Volume 18, Issue 3 (autumn 2018)
Background & objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of oral creatine supplementation on biochemical markers of liver, kidney and testis in the male rats under swimming training plan.
Methods: In this study, male Wistar rats, weighing 245±5gr, were divided into five groups (n=8): control, exercise plus zero dose, exercise plus low-dose, exercise plus moderate dose and exercise plus high dose of creatine (200,300 and 600 mg/kg/d respectively). Biochemical studies of blood serum were performed ten days after creatine supplementation and swimming exercises. Following serum collection, the alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and testosterone levels were measured using spectrophotometry method. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software using mixed model ANOVA.
Results: serum levels of ALP showed statistically significant differences between groups receiving low and moderate doses of creatine compared to both control and exercise with zero dose (p<0.05). Also, the results of serum levels of BUN, ALT and AST showed there was no significant difference between the exercise plus zero dose of creatine, exercise plus low-doses of creatine group, exercise plus moderate dose of creatine, exercise plus high dose of creatine groups and control group. The exercise group with high doses of creatine significantly showed a higher serum creatinine level than control group (p<0.05).The serum testosterone level was significantly higher in the exercise with moderate doses of creatine group than in the control group and exercise plus zerecaratin dose (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results suggested that short-term creatine supplementation (up to 10 days) might adversely affect some biochemical markers of liver, kidney and testis. However, further studies are necessarily needed to clarify the consumption of short-term creatine supplementation.