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Showing 5 results for Kazemnejad
Firouz Amani , Anooshirvan Kazemnejad, Reza Habibi,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (autumn 2009)
Background & Objective: Mortality statistics and cause of death are the main components in health planning in any community. Knowry the change of marraliy pattern is important for future health programming. This study have to determine and analyze the Mortality changing trends dury lest 35 years.
Methods: In this study data recorded of 9740556 deaths from were analyzed. Graphical method were usead to analyze dara and . We analyzed data by croghal method and comping the trouds of morality cheye pattern.
Results: Our servey should 60.4% of total deaths were in rural areas and 61.1% among males. The crude death rate was 13per 1000 pasim from to 1971-76 that decrease to 5 per 1000 pasim from to 2006-2010. Also life expectancy rate has been increased in study years from 55.2 in 1971-76 to 71 in 206-2010.
Conclusion: results show that mortality pattern in years 1970 to 2007 have been changed and crude death rate with decrease tread and life expectancy with increase trend represent the level of health indicators in world and our country Iran have been developed and extended.
Maryam Nematollahzadeh, Saeideh Ziaei, Anooshirvan Kazemnejad,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (winter 2012)
Background & Objectives: Plasma lipids during pregnancy clearly increase, therefore, normal pregnancy is considered as a hyperlipidemia state. Prior studies suggest that coronary artery diseases connected with parity, but no studies have examined the relationship between parity and lipid levels in Iran. In the current study we investigated the relation between parity and lipid levels in maternal plasma in 13-23 weeks pregnant women.
Methods: This study was done on 700 pregnant women with 18-40 years old at their 13-23 weeks gestation. Gestational age was calculated by LMP and ultrasound in early pregnancy. After obtaining informed consent from patients without exclusion criteria of the study, TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C was requested for them. Finally, the samples of study divided three groups according to the number of parity: nuliparous , multiparous , Grand multiparous . Data were analysed by SPSS-16 software using ANOVA and partial correlation statistical test.
Results: With the exception of TG that showed significance difference in mean (p=0.008), the means of LDL-C (p= 0.37), HDL-C (p= 0.09) and TC (p=0.15) were not statistically significant among the 3 studied groups. Partial correlation test indicated statistically significant relationship between HDL-C with parity.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate decreased HDL-C levels with increasing number of pregnancies. Thus offering the program education and adequate family planning services to women in reproductive age are strongly advised.
Roghayeh Eqbali Ziyarat , Shahrzad Ghiasvandian, Masoumeh Zakeri Moghadam , Anooshirvan Kazemnejad,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (winter 2018)
Background & objectives: Appropriate nutritional behavior is effective in controlling many diseases such as cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of nutrition counseling in improving nutritional behavior, lifestyle and healthy nutrition in patients with myocardial infarction.
Methods: In this interventional study, 120 patients admitted to the cardiac care units of the hospital, were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned into two groups. Data were collected using MEDFICTS and demographic questionnaires. After running the questionnaire, interventional group (n=60) with a score of more than 70 received nutritional counseling. After the end of nutritional counseling (3 sessions, 90 minutes), the subjects were re-evaluated for nutritional behavior. Data were analyzed using t-test in SPSS20 software.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 62.73±11.56 years, and 53.7% of them were female. The mean MEDFICTS scores before the consultation in the interventional group and control group were 43.2±14.8 and 43.5±18.2, respectively. The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (p=0.3). The mean MEDFICTS scores at the end of the study in interventional and control groups were 13.14±62.6 and 23.3±2.24, respectively. This difference was significant between groups (p<0.001).
Conclusion: MEDFICTS scores improved in patients with myocardial infarction receiving nutritional counseling. It seems that the operation of nutritional counseling in patients with myocardial infarction can be effective in reducing the incidence of this disease
Mandana Mansourghanaie, Ehsan Kazemnejad , Seyed Alaadin Asgari, Neda Azadian ,
Volume 18, Issue 3 (autumn 2018)
Background & objectives: Evaluation of liver and renal function before and after administration of methotrexate (MTX) is recommended in the treatment of molar pregnancy, but the necessity of performing these tests during treatment of ectopic pregnancy (EP) is not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes of creatinine and AST levels before and after treatment with double (DD) and multiple (MD) doses of MTX in patients with Ep.
Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study performed on 152 patients with an EP during 2007-2013 in Al-Zahra hospital (Rasht). Seventy six patients received DD and 76 cases were treated with MD of MTX. The success rate, side effects of MTX and changes in creatinine and AST levels were compared between the two groups.
Results: The mean changes in creatinine level was 0.06±0.08 and 0.16±0.13 in DD and MD groups, respectively and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p=0.002). The mean changes in AST level was 5.06±2.47 and 9.63±5.5 in DD and MD groups, respectively which was statistically significant (p=0.002). The success rates were 65.8% and 86.8% in DD and MD groups, respectively with statistically significant difference (p=0.002). The side effects rates were 13.2% and 32.9% in DD and MD groups, respectively with statistically significant difference (p=0.004).
Conclusion: It seems that administration of MD of MTX in EP patients leads to an increase in success rate of treatment but also it causes considerable increase in creatinine and AST levels.
Mandana Mansour Ghanaie, Sherin Tabrizian Namin , Ehsan Kazemnejad-Leili , Hanyeh Bashizadeh Fakhar , Mohammad Asgari Galebin ,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (spring 2019)
Background & objectives: Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram negative bacterium and chlamydia infection, as a curable infection, is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STD). With regard to the essential role of chlamydia in infertility, the study of the prevalence of asymptomatic cases is precious. The aim of this study was to determine of the prevalence of chlamydia trachomatis in endocervical samples in infertile women with PCR method.
Methods: In this cross sectional descriptive-analytical study, a total of 135 women between 20-40 years old with chief complaint of infertility that referred to Alzahra-Rasht hospital and private clinics were randomly selected. The endocervical specimen was prepared using a sterile swab and was transferred to the laboratory in PBS for performing PCR. . The results of PCR and collected data from checklists were statistically analyzed using SPSS16.
Results: Chlamydia trachomatis was detected in 19.3% of infertile women. There were no statistically significant differences between PCR results and the patient's age, type of infertility, obstruction in salpingography, family history and duration of infertility.
Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that chlamydia infection has a high prevalence and in order to reduce the complications of this disease, screening tests can be used as a part of the country's health programs.