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Showing 12 results for Hosseinian

Effat Mazaheri , Seyedhashem Sezavar , Adalat Hosseinian , Nasrin Fooladi ,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (Winter 2002)
Abstract

  Background & Objective : Today, with changes in health care systems, most of the patients, receive occupational and special cares at home after being discharged from hospital . The aim of this study was to assess the effects of follow up on physical and emotional status of the patients with recent myocardial Infarction .

  Methods : This experimental study was done on 60 patients with acute myocardial infarction, who referred to Boali Hospital during 2000-2001.The patients were chosen randomly and were set in two different groups with 30 subjects in each group . Then, a home care program was designed for case group. but there was no intervention for control group . This home care program was completed and one week later the physical and emotional status of the patients in two groups were analyzed by Spilbergar and Beck tests and finally the results were compared in two groups using X2 test.

  Results : The X2 test showed that there is a significant difference between resting heart rate of two groups with P<0.05 but the difference among systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body weight, anxiety and depression was not statistically significant in two groups.

  Conclusions: Regarding the effects of follow-up on the physical and emotional status of the patients, nurses can improve the quality of the patienys life through active home - care and rehabilitation programs along with social supports.


Adalat Hosseinian , Seyedhashem Sezavar , Mohammadtaghi Nikneghad , Farid Ghosseili, Zahra Mussavi , Eilnaz Mohammadi ,
Volume 3, Issue 2 (Summer 2003)
Abstract

 Background & Objective: Despite all improvements in diagnosis and treatment, one third of patients with Myocardial infarction lose their life. Different studies have shown that cardiac arrhythmia are the most common cause of death in MI, and cardiac blocks are one of the important groups of these arrhythmia, which are effective in prognosis, duration of hospitalization and hospital mortality of the patients.

  Methods : In this study, 630 patients with AMI, who were admitted in CCU of Bou-Ali hospital in Ardabil from January 1998 to January 2001 were studied and the data were callected with the help of questionnaires and secondary data analysis method. The data were analyzed with statistical methods.

  Results : 9.4% of cases in this study had AV block and 30.2% had bundle branch block. 40.5% of men and 37.6% of women had at least one kind of block(in AV node or bundle branch), but no significant relation was found between sex and these blocks. Also, 62% of in-hospital mortalities of patients with AMI were in association with blocks (AV or bundle branch) and only 38% of mortalities were without blocks. This showed a meaningful relation between hospital mortality and these kinds of blocks (p <0.05 ).

 Conclusions: The total frequency of AV and bundle branch blocks due to AMI, was 39.6% which is similar to other studies, but what is remarkable in this study, is the higher prevalence of bundle branch blocks due to AMI.


Seyedhashem Sezavar , Leili Abbaszadeh , Adalat Hosseinian , Manoochehr Iranparvar , Minaye Khodamoradzadeh ,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (Autumn 2003)
Abstract

 Background & Objective: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus coexist more commonly than predicted by chance and the synergistic effect of these two diseases is the cause of early disability and high rate of mortality in these patients. Controlling the blood pressure has a critical role in decreasing cardiovascular mortality in diabetic hypertensive cases. The goal of this study is to determine the rate of recognition and treatment of hypertension in type II diabetic subjects referring to diabetes clinic of Bou-ali hospital, Ardabil.

 Methods: In this cross-sectional study 300 type II diabetic patients were examined in terms of blood pressure control.

 Results: The patients who participated in this study ranged between 28 to 80 years of age (mean: 55.5 ± 11.4). About 61.6% of diabetic patients had hypertension (BP>140/ 90 mmHg) 76.7% of these patients were aware of their hypertension. Only 8.8% of these patients with hypertension had a well-controlled blood pressure and the rest of them (91.2%) had a poorly- controlled blood pressure (BP>130/80 mmHg). About 21.8% of hypertensive diabetics although aware of their hypertension were not on any anti- hypertensive agents.

 Conclusions: This study indicates poor control of hypertension in diabetic patients. It seems that reconsidering CME programs for the physicians, emphasizing the control of risk factors especially in high-risk groups and educating the diabetic patients will improve the control of hypertension in these patients.


Nader Pashapour, Mohamaad Hosein Hosseinianzakaria,
Volume 5, Issue 1 (spring 2005)
Abstract

 Background & Objectives: Yogurt is recommended as a treatment for acute diarrhea. This study was conducted to determine the effect of pasteurized yogurt consumption on acute non-bloody and non-mucoid diarrhea in hospitalized 6-24 month old infants as compared with that of routine treatment.

 Methods: In a clinical trial study 80 children with 6 to 24 months of age with diarrhea for less than four days and were hospitalized in Urmia Imam Hospital, were assigned into two groups. The first group consumed yogurt containing streptococcus thermophilus and lactobacillus bullgaris 5 ml/kg per day while the second group received the routine treatment. Those suffering from malnutrition, bloody stool and diarrhea without GI source were excluded. Reduction of diarrhea frequency to half compared to admission time was regarded as response to treatment. Weight gaining, duration of admission and reduction of diarrhea frequency were compared in two groups.

 Results: The two groups were not significantly different in terms of age, weight and frequency of diarrhea at the time of admission. Mean hospitalization days, weight gaining, reduction of diarrhea frequency were 2.7±0.91 days, 435± 89.30 grams, and 4.30±1.74 times respectively for case group and, 3.1± 0.74 days, 383 ± 98.96 grams, and 3.60±1.23 times for control group respectively. No significant differences were observed between two groups regarding mean hospitalization days (P=0.035), reduction of diarrhea frequency (P=0.049) and weight gain (P= 0.017).

 Conclusion: Consuming pasteurized yogurt as a probiotic agent has a positive effect in treatment of acute nonbloody and nonmucoid diarrhea. Public use of yogurt is recommended.


Hosein Doostkami , Adalat Hosseinian, Gholam Hosain Fatehi,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (spring 2006)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Coronary artery diseases are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in industrial countries and in Iran. Myocardial infarction and unstable angina are essential clinical syndromes of coronary artery diseases, with the difference that the mortality and morbidity of NonST-elevated myocardial infractions is more than U/A and requires more intensive care. Rapid differentiation and diagnosis of NSTEMI from U/A plays a major role in effective treatment of patients and improvement of their prognosis. This study was designed to determine the incidence of nonST-elevated MI among patients hospitalized with initial diagnosis of U/A.

  Methods: This is a descriptive and analytical study performed on patients hospitalized with U/A diagnosis between 2001 and 2002 in Ardabil Buali hospital. The data (including demographic characteristics, patients’ clinical findings, ECG changes, laboratory findings) were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive and analytical statistics.

  Results: mean patient age was 61 and prevalence of nonST-elevated MI among patients with U/A was 23 patients (22.1%). Mean age of patients with NSTEMI was 60.5 and its prevalence was greater in male (69.9%) than in female (30.4%). The most prevalent ECG change in patients was T wave inversion and ST depression (78.3%) and in U/A patients it was T wave inversion (60.5%). The difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). 64.7% of the NSTEMI patients and 27.4% of the patients with U/A had severe chest pain (p<0.004).

  Conclusion: Prevalence of NSTEMI was about 1/5 of patients hospitalized with diagnosis of U/A and ECG changes among these patients (as T wave inverison and ST depression along with negative T wave) is more prevalent compared to those with U/A. Clinical manifestation and complications were more severe in these patients than U/A group.


Adalat Hosseinian , Shahram Habibzadeh , Saeid Sadegieh Ahari , Akbar Mokhtarpoor,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2007)
Abstract

  Back grounds and objectives : Arthrosclerosis is the major cause of cerberovascular disorders and major problems of industrial countries. Mortality from chronic diseases such as arthrosclerosis and mortality from infectious diseases have a reverse, relationship with economic and educational levels of people. For this reason, investigating the relationship of MI with other risk factors such as infections has been of great interest.

  Methods: This was a case- control study. 60 patients with MI and 60 matched cases were selected from other wards of Boali Hospital. All of the patients who had been admitted with myocardial infarction diagnosis in the time of study were selected and information about them was recorded in a researcher made questionnaire. Serum sample from patients and control case were sent to determinations of IgG Anti Chlamydia antibodies with enzyme immune assay. Control case were selected from other wards of hospital who matched in age, sex and same test in serum sample was done.

  Results: In this study in each group 48 persons (80%) were male and 12 persons (20%) were female. The range of age group was 35-80. Mean age group was 58.83±12.6 (SD) and mean age of control tools was 59.08±11.59.All of the patients in each group had anti Chlamydia antibodies (IgG) (titer more than 5U/ml). The mean range IgG in both groups were compared through t-test and there was no significant difference between them (p=0.85).

  Conclusion: In this study all of the cases and controls had anti Chlamydia antibodies. (IgG) high prevalence due to cold climate and high crowd of people in this area may be related to Chlamydia infection.


Adalat Hosseinian, Saeid Sadeghieh Ahari, Hosein Dostcami , Sooreh Sheikham ,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (Summer 2007)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) syndrome is one of the most prevalent abnormalities of mitral valve that arises from pathologic changes of the various parts of mitral valve. MVP may lead to ECG changes, like T wave inversion in inferior leads and atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, in some people that may be misdiagnosed as myocardial ischemia.

  Methods: This was an analytical (case-control) study in 50 cases with MVP with age below 30 years who had referred to the Ardabil Bouali Hospital and some private cardiology clinics. The diagnosis of MVP was based on clinical and echocardiographic findings, and after taking history and physical examination, an ECG and an echocardiogram were taken from each person in case and control groups and the acquired information was analyzed via statistical methods of SPSS software.

  Results: From 50 studied cases with MVP, 60% (30 cases) were female and 40% (20 cases) were male, and the most common age range was 21 – 25 years. From these cases, 68% (34 persons) had changes in their ECGs while %32 (16 subjects) did not. In control group, from 50 persons, 44% (22 persons) had ECG changes and 56% (28 persons) did not.

  Conclusion: In general this study showed that increase in ECG changes in MVP group in comparison with control group (p=0.01). In cases with MVP, there was not significant relationship between gender and ECG changes. In comparing case and control groups, there was not significant difference in ECG changes in females, while there was a significant difference in males (14 of 20 versus 6 of 20) w ith considering that ECG changes in persons with MVP may be misdiagnosed as ischemic heart disease,it is recommended that cases (especially men) with MVP always keep a record of their ECGs.


Adalat Hosseinian , Firouz Amani , Ebrahim Hajizadeh , Shahram Habibzadeh ,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2008)
Abstract

 Background & Objectives: Cardiovascular disease is the most important cause of death in the world. Statistics shows that mortality and morbidity from cardiovascular disease in Iran is going up, so quality of management and treatment of these patients need to be better. For these reasons, determination of survival rates and factors affecting it is important and is also the aim of this study.

  Methods: This is a survival analytic prospective study, done on 800 patients, admitted in Ardabil Bouali Hospital CCU. All of the patients were followed up one year and a questionnaire about them was obtained. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS. For survival analysis Kaplan Maier, life table, logReng test and Cox regressions model were used.

 Results: Mean age of patients was 60.6±12.4 years. Total number of mortality in one year was 84 persons (10.5%). 582 patients were men and 218 were women. 47.4% were smokers, 33.4% had hypertension, 18.1% had diabetes mellitus, 15.3% had hyperlipidemia and 30% had arrhythmia. Survival rate in the first 10 days, 28 days and one year were 94%, 93% and 90% respectively.

 Conclusion: Factors that affected survival in Cox regress ional model were: diabetes mellitus, age, use of streptokinase, left ventricular ejection fraction, heart rate and heart block. Knowledge from survival rates and relative risks can help health managers in better health service preparation.


Hosein Douste Kami , Adalat Hosseinian , Effat Mazaheri, Naser Aslanabadi , Samad Ghaffari , Bahram Sohrabi , Eiraj Mohammadzadeh , Farhad Pourfarzi , Naser Moaiiednia ,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (autumn 2013)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Coronary bifurcation lesions are important, complex lesions with different therapeutic strategies. In this study, patients with Coronary bifurcation lesions were treated and clinical results in these patients were followed during the nine-month period.

  Methods: This descriptive analytical study was performed between January 2007 to December 2008 at Tabriz Shahid Madani Cardiovascular Center. We have studied 96 patients (83 male and 13 female). Patients on the basis of one or two stents were placed in one group and the other groups were divided based on the use of Drug Eluting Stent and Bare Metal Stent. After diagnostic angiography if coronary bifurcation lesions were present based on Medina classification, appropriate angioplasty treatment was carried out. In a situations including chest pain, electrocardiographic changes or the objective evidence of ischemia and indication of angiography, appropriate diagnostic tests during follow up period were done. Clinical outcomes including acute coronary events were recorded. And result analyzed using SPSS version 16 . Chi-square ، Fisher and T tests were used to compare the relationship between variables.

  Results: In this study 86.5% was male and 13.5% female. The mean age of these patients was 56±9.9 years old. The most prevalent risk factor was HTN with 41.7% incidence and 55.2% of patient had chronic stable angina and 26% of them had history of acute myocardial infarction, 7.2% with history of PCI and 5.2% with history Of CABGS. Most prevalent site of bifurcation was ALD/diagonal with 65.5% incidence. The most prevalent complication was mild bleeding from puncture site with 10.4% and 5.2% of patients had mild hematoma. Among patients with two stents versus one stent presence of AMI presentation with CSA, ST Elevation in ECG was statistically significant. Also involvement of SB (side branch) lesions lengths at SB, kissing ballooning after implantation of two stents were statistically significant. Among patients with DES versus BMS usage of stent in RCA, LAD, lesion lengths at PMB (proximal main branch), DMP (distal main branch) and SB, procedure time, radiation dose, fluoroscopy time were statistically significant. Among two groups MACE (major acute coronary event) in two stents patient between 1-3 month and total MACE at first 6 month were statistically significant

  Conclusion: The age of patients treated with CBL was low, also more usage of BMS and stenting of BFLs with two BMS had weak results in this study but surprisingly total results of BMS and DES did not have significant difference after 9 months follow up between two groups.


Adalat Hosseinian , Vahideh Kasayi , Alireza Mohammadzade , Shahram Habibzadeh , Fariba Saghi , Mahnaz Davari , Azam Barzegar, Mehri Seyedjavadi ,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (spring 2014)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives : Nowadays, coronary artery disease is the most common cause of death in developed countries and in the whole world. According to the WHO reports, it will be the main cause of death in 2020. Myocardial infarction is the most common diagnosis among hospitalized patients in industrialized countries. This disease causes more mortality and morbidity than others. Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABGS) is one of the common treatments for ischemic heart disease but it may have some complications. In this study we wanted to evaluate the incidence of CABGS complications in Imam Khomeini Hospital of Ardabil in the first month after CABG.

  Methods: This study was a cross sectional analytic descriptive type and performed on all of the patients underwent CABGS in Imam Khomeini Hospital during 2011-2012. All of the data from patients (like demographic, past medical history, physical exam findings, paraclinical findings and CABGS complications) were inserted in special forms after gathering, and analyzed by SPSS v.16.

  Results: In this study, 211 patients were studied. About 145 (68.72%) of them were male and 66 (31.28%) were female. Seventy patient (33.17%) were more than 70 years old. About 33.22% of patients had a history of cigarette smoking and 9.95% were opioid abused. The 34.12% of patients had hypertension (HTN) history, 40.28% diabetes mellitus (DM), 17.06% history of hyperlipidemia and 63.98% had a history of the previous MI. Chest pain was the most common complication among the patients (93.36%). According to our study the prevalence rate of post CABGS complications were: bleeding after surgery 13.27%, postoperative myocardial infection 8.05%, neurological disorders 12.32%, renal complications 2.36%, respiratory symptoms 11.37% and 34.59% for cardiovascular complications. Also the total mortality was 5 (2.36%) persons. The data analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between sex with survival status, local infection and neurological disorders, and also there was a significant relationship between age with post CABGS survival, bleeding after surgery and renal complications. There was also a significant relationship between DM and post CABGS survival, local infections and respiratory complications and between HTN and local infections.

  Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the most common post CABGS complications were cardiovascular complications, especially arrhythmias.


B Zamani, M Azari, A Hosseinian , A Shokrdargahy, A Mardi , Sh Azari,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (summer 2015)
Abstract

Background & objectives: Myocardial infarction (MI) isone of the most commonly heart diseases in all countries with the mortality rate of about 30%. Reperfusion of blocked coronary arteries plays an important role in reducing mortality and enhancing the quality of life of patients after acute MI. 

Methods: This clinical trial is to compare the efficacy of streptokinase administered intravenously in a two slow and accelerated groups: control group (slow intravenous infusion during 1 hour) and case group (half-hour accelerated intravenous infusion of streptokinase) with the sample size of 100 patients (divided randomly to 50 patients in each group). The data tool was a questionnaire, included the collected ECG changes before and after echocardiography and laboratory tests of patients. Data analyzed with SPSS software using chi-square test. 
Results:After reperfusion of the coronary artery, in the both case and control groups, elevation of ST segment has decreased statistically in two groups (60% and 84%, respectively). The complications rate following injection of SK in both case and control groups were 46% and 56%, respectively. The fraction in which 30% and 38% belong to cardiac complications, 32% and 22% to allergic symptoms and hematologic effects were 32% and 22%, in two groups, respectively and there was no statistically significant difference between two groups. 
Conclusion:According to the results of this study the accelerated (30 minutes) SK infusion can be fruitful for improving coronary reperfusion in patients with MI.

Mehraban Shahmari, Seemin Dashti, Saeedeh Ameli , Somayeh Khalilzadeh, Adalat Hosseinian,
Volume 16, Issue 3 (autumn 2016)
Abstract

Background & objectives: Most of coronary angiography patients have not enough information about undergoing procedure . This lack of knowledge makes anxiety in patients and thereby changes their vital signs. There is no study regarding the effective education of patients based on their native language. This study was done to investigate the effect of video education in native language on vital signs caused by anxiety of patients undergoing coronary angiography.

Methods: This quasi experimental study was done in 2013 on 160 patients undergoing angiography in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ardabil. Participants were divided into two groups randomly (80 in each group): case (native video education) and control groups. The sheets of hemodynamic variables were completed in determined time intervals for data collection. ANOVA with repeated measures and Chi square were used to analyze the data in SPSS13 software. P-value<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The results of repeated measures ANOVA showed significant improvement in vital sign variables except for temperature in both groups over the time (p<0.05). And there was significant difference in the mean vital sign variables in determined time intervals (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Video education in native language decreases the vital signs in coronary angiography patients. Therefore the video education especially in native language is recommended for improving vital signs before invasive procedures.



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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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