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Aghil Habibi, Soghra Neekpoor, Mahnaz Seyedolshohda, Hamid Haghani,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008)
Background & Objective: As life expectancy increases health promotion behaviours are even more important, particularly with regard to maintaining functional independence and improving quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship
between health promotion behaviours and quality of life among elderly people in west region of Tehran.
Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. Through multi-stage sampling method, 410 participants over 60 years old and cognitively intact were selected to contribute in the study. The data-gathering tool consisted of a 2-part questionnaire Health Promotion Behaviour Checklist and Short Form Health Survey (SF12) that were used to measure QoL.
Results: The results of the study showed that there were statistically significant differences in QoL of the elderly related to 'exercise or walking and consumption of milk, dairy products, meat, vegetables and fruits and 'low salt diet', 'low fat diet', 'health check up', 'blood pressure (BP) (p< 0.05). The Elderly with high quality of life had more exercise or walking and consumption of milk, dairy products, meat, and fresh fruit and vegetables and the elderly with low quality of life, had better observed low salt diet, low fat diet, health condition control and blood pressure control.
Conclusion: Regarding the results we found that health promotion behaviours and the quality of life are related meaningfully, so, considering old people as a vulnerable group by health authorities, it is recommended to provide this group with programs and facilities to promote their health behaviours, social participation and to improve health care and provide consultation services.
Shafi Habibi , Jabraeil Farzi, Rasool Lotfollahzadeh,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2008)
Background & Objective: General physicians require a number of different resources to cover the broad scope of their practice. A critical point in their medical practice is timely access to the wide variety of clinical information sources that contribute to patient care decisions. The aims of this study were to assess information seeking behavior of Ardabil general physicians and their approach towards electronic sources.
Methods: This study was done using Questionnaire research method. A total of 191 questionnaires were distributed among GPs and 167 relevant questionnaires were gathered. Data were analysed applying SPSS.
Results: 75% of general physicians had access to internet. The majority of them were in search of information for Keeping themselves up-to-date and solving medical problems (78.4%). General physicians' first priority was text books, and the second priority was continuing medical education courses for meeting information needs. They used mostly books followed by medical journals as formal channels, and updated their information taking part in continuing medical education courses followed by congresses and seminar as informal channels. As obstacles to finding necessary information they reported lack of adequate time (61.7%), near to half of them (47.3%) reported lack of sufficient information resources in libraries, and unfamiliarity with medical databases (40%).
Conclusion: General physicians are aware of the importance of internet in accessing information, but they did not use it as an important tool to answer questions rising in practice. The majority of general physicians used books to access information followed by continuing medical education courses, and used internet in the sixth rate. The majority of them used low rate the internet, electronic resources, and medical databases because of inadequate familiarity with them. General physicians need training in internet, web search tools and search methods, and medical databases.
Firouz Amani , Anooshirvan Kazemnejad, Reza Habibi,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (autumn 2009)
Background & Objective: Mortality statistics and cause of death are the main components in health planning in any community. Knowry the change of marraliy pattern is important for future health programming. This study have to determine and analyze the Mortality changing trends dury lest 35 years.
Methods: In this study data recorded of 9740556 deaths from were analyzed. Graphical method were usead to analyze dara and . We analyzed data by croghal method and comping the trouds of morality cheye pattern.
Results: Our servey should 60.4% of total deaths were in rural areas and 61.1% among males. The crude death rate was 13per 1000 pasim from to 1971-76 that decrease to 5 per 1000 pasim from to 2006-2010. Also life expectancy rate has been increased in study years from 55.2 in 1971-76 to 71 in 206-2010.
Conclusion: results show that mortality pattern in years 1970 to 2007 have been changed and crude death rate with decrease tread and life expectancy with increase trend represent the level of health indicators in world and our country Iran have been developed and extended.
Behnam Molaie , Mohammadali Mohamadi , Aghil Habibi , Vahid Zamanzadeh , Behrouz Dadkhah , Parviz Molavi, Naser Mozaffari ,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2011)
Background and Objectives: The importance of considering to job stress among women is not related to loss of economics alone, but it makes an unsafe condition in health of body and soul of person, family and society, too. This study was aimed to determine the rate of job stress among employed women in Ardebil during 2010.
Methods: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 1250 governmental-employed women were selected in different offices of Ardabil city. Data were collected by job-contained Karasek questionnaire and results were analyzed by chi-square test.
Results: The results showed that 62.8% of women experienced medium level of stress and 36.5% revealed to have severe stress. Our findings significantly showed that there are relationship between stress rate of individuals with number of children, level of education, place of living, job experience, rate of work hours per day and night work shift, employment status, physical and mental diseases (p <0.05 ( .
Conclusion: With respect to severe stress found in employed women in study setting, it seems to need to increase mental health indices in individuals, families and community, and the authorities should develop a comprehensive plan to enhance productivity and satisfaction among employees.
Abdollah Asadi , Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam , Aghil Habibi, Kazem Moazedi, Yoosef Hamidzadeh, Mohaamad Taghi Savadpour,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (winter 2016)
Background & objectives: Social capital is defined as norms and networks which provide conditions for participation in social activities in order to profit mutually. This study was designed to evaluate the social capital status of students of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences and its relationship with religious attitudes.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 500 students from Ardabil University of Medical Sciences during second half of the academic year 2014. Data were collected using demographic, social capital and religious attitudes questionnaires and analyzed by SPSS 22 using T-Test, Pearson correlation and ONOVA tests.
Results: Total means score for social capital was 80.0±16. There was significant correlation between all dimensions of social capital (except for dimension of family and friends connections) and religious attitudes status (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Due to the influence of social capital and its relationship with the religious attitude, it can be a guide for reduction of concerns about the educated classes and increasing their social capital