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Showing 6 results for Golmohammadi
Samad Gaffari, Ali Golmohammadi,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2005)
Background & Objectives: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the most common causes of admissions in industrialized countries and each year a lot of deaths occur due to this disease. AMI is commonly associated with leukocytosis and an elevated neutrophil count. It is not clear whether neutrophilia is a cause or effect of acute myocardial injury and heart failure. Nevertheless, proving such a correlation will have a lot of clinical utilities.
Methods: From among 146 patients hospitalized by AMI diagnosis in the CCU ward of Shahid Madani hospital, 68 patients (having our inclusion criteria) took part in this cross-sectional and analytical study. The criteria for AMI were clinical symptoms, ECG criteria and paraclinical findings. CBCH1 was performed for the patients. All the patients were evaluated for presence or absence of congestive heart failure (CHF) in first 4 days of hospitalization. The data were analyzed with SPSS software using t-test and Chi-square.
Results: Mean neutrophil count was 11291 in patients with evidence of congestive heart failure (CHF) and 8440 in those without it (P =0.01). This difference was statistically significant. Among 23 patients with CHF, 16 had neutrophil counts >8500, but among 45 patients without CHF only 19 cases showed this value (Odds ratio=3.12, P=0.03). Also among 35 patients with neutrophil counts >8500, 24 patients had ejection fraction (EF) of less than 45% and 11 cases had EF>45%(P=0.015). Conclusion:
In this study we found a direct correlation between neutrophilia on admission and the presence of CHF and echocardiographic left ventricular dysfunction in first 4 days of hospitalization. So the patients with high neutrophilia need more invasive treatments to reduce the possibility of CHF.
Mohammadghasem Golmohammadi , Hasan Azari , Mohammad Mardani , Ebrahim Esfandiari , Radnili Rietze ,
Volume 8, Issue 2 (Summer 2008)
Background & Objective: It is now clear that the adult mammalian subventricular zone (SVZ) contains a population of neural stem cells (NSCs) that give rise to neurons and glia. Owing to their rarity, and a paucity of NSC-specific markers, the neurospher assay (NSA) is a common and selective method for isolating and understanding the biology of embryonic and adult neural stem cells. There are different methods for neurosphere growing from different regions of the CNS including Lateral ventricles. The objective of this study is introducing a new and effective strategy for more neurosphere firming from the SVZ of the adult mouse brain lateral ventricle using NSA.
Methods: Two different methods were used in order to isolate and culture the SVZ of the lateral ventricles using NSA. In the first method (Ritze and Reynolds method) the rostral part of the SVZ of the lateral ventricles was dissected into single cell suspension and cultured using NSA. In the second method (vibratome resecting of the brain) after cutting the brain into 400 µm serial sections using a vibratom, the SVZ was microdissected from all sections of rostral part of lateral ventricle and cultured separately, using NSA. Primary neurospheres were counted seven days after plating. Then the mean numbers of neurospheres generated in two different methods were compared.
Results: The mean number of neurospheres generated by sectioning method was much higher than the one generated using first method (P<0.0001). The distribution and frequency of neurosphere forming cells (or NSCs) is not the same along the antero-posterior axis of the rostral part of the lateral ventricle. The greatest frequency of neurosphere forming cells was detected in 0.74mm rostral to the bregma.
Conclusion: Second section method, due to more neurosphere generation, in comparison with the first method is more appropriate and efficient for neurosphere forming from the SVZ of the lateral ventricle.
Maliheh Nobakht , Norouz Najafzadeh, Bagher Pourheydar, Mohammad Ghasem Golmohammadi,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (summer 2011)
Background & objectives: During lifetime, hair follicles undergo three cyclic changes: anagen, catagen, telogen. In hair follicles, stem cells located in Bulge area, which is part of the outer root sheath. Bulge cells proliferate new cells in anagen phase. Bulge region of hair follicle indicated as a source of stem cell for many years, but little studies done in vitro to characterize rat bulge region hair follicle stem cells.
Methods: In this study Bulge cells of rat hair follicle were isolated and cultured, then morphological features of these cells surveyed. Nestin and CD34 as hair follicle stem cell markers, and K15 as a keratinocyte marker assessed by immunocytochemistry after one to three weeks.
Results: In this study, we found that, 2 days after attachment of cells to floor of plates, the cells were initiated to proliferation and migration. These cells had good nestin and CD34 immunostaining, but after three week differentiation,were nestin and CD34 negative. Also these cells couldn’t express K15.
Conclusion : Results showed that cultivated rat bulge cells, have high proliferative potential, and also could express nestin and CD34 as stem cell factors.
Mohammad Ghasem Golmohammadi , Mohsen Sagha , Hasan Azari , Norouz Najafzadeh,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (autumn 2011)
Background &Objectives: Stem cells are a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into specialized cell types. The discovery of such cells in the adult mammalian central nervous system (CNS), an organ traditionally thought to have little or no regenerative capacity, opened the door to treatment of degenerative diseases of CNS like Stroke, Parkinson, Alzheimer and Spinal Cord Injury. Thus, here we described the isolation of neural stem cells from the adult mouse brain using the neurosphere assay (NSA) and differentiation of these cells to neural adult cells in details.
Methods: The rostral part of the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles in the adult mice was dissociated into single cell suspension and cultured using NSA. Primary neurospheres were counted seven days after plating and then the mean number of neurospheres was recorded. The differentiation of neural stem cells into adult neural cells was accomplished by plating the neurosphere-derived cells in differentiating media. Immunocytochemistry and specific markers were used for the identification of the adult neural stem cells.
Results : The cell suspension obtained from the rostral part of the SVZ of the lateral ventricles generated multipotential colonies, called neurospheres, 7 to 10 days post- incubation. The mean number of neurospheres generated from SVZ was 505±62. The multipotentiality of the neurospheres was shown by palting them in differentiating media and generating adult neural cells including neuron, astrocyte and oligodendrocyte .
Conclusion: Owing to their rarity and paucity of neural stem cell specific markers, the NSA is a common and selective method for isolating and understanding the biology of embryonic and adult neural stem cells.
H Panahpour, M Golmohammadi, S Mohamadnejad,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (autumn 2015)
Background & objectives: Stroke is third leading cause of death and disability in the most of human communities. The use of herbs and medicinal plants in different countries is increasing. Today, herbal medicine is used as alternative or complementary therapies with a fewer side effects. Nigella sativa has a rich medical and religious history. Oxidative stress has important role in the pathophysiology of stroke. As Nigella sativa has antioxidant effects, its administration may produce a protective effect against complications of this disease. We examined the effects of the treatment with Nigella sativa oil on the cerebral infarction and edema.
Methods: 48 Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups, sham, control ischemic and Nigella sativa oil treated (2 ml/kg) ischemic groups. Transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced by 90-min-long occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery followed by 24-h-long reperfusion. Neurological deficit score was evaluated at the end of the reperfusion period. Thereafter, the animals were randomly selected and used for two projects: (i) Measurement of the infarct volumes and neurological outcome (ii) investigation of ischemic brain edema formation using a wet/dry method.
Results: Induction of cerebral ischemia in the control group produced considerable brain infarction in conjunction with impaired motor functions and severely brain edema. Treatment with Nigella sativa oil significantly reduced the infarct volume and improved the motor functions. The water content in the left (lesioned) hemisphere was considerably elevated in the control ischemic group. Administration of the Nigella sativa oil significantly lowered the water content in the ischemic lesioned hemisphere.
Conclusion: Treatment with Nigella sativa oil can noticeably decrease the ischemic brain injury, attenuate edema formation and improve motor disabilities.
Hamdollah Panahpour, Mohammad Nouri, Mohammadghasem Golmohammadi, Nooshin Sadeghian ,
Volume 16, Issue 2 (summer 2016)
Background & objectives: Stroke is third leading cause of death and disability in the most of human communities. Several experimental studies have shown that combination therapy with drugs that act via different mechanisms can produce amplified protective effects. We examined the effects of combination therapy with candesartan and alpha tocopherol against cerebral ischemia.
Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups (n=24): sham, control ischemic, candesartan treated (0.3 mg/kg), alpha tocopherol treated (30 mg/kg) and combined treated ischemic groups. Transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced by 90-min-long occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery followed by 24-h-long reperfusion. Neurological deficit score was evaluated at the end of the reperfusion period. Thereafter, the animals were randomly used for measurement of the infarct volumes and investigation of ischemic brain edema formation using a wet/dry method.
Results: Induction of cerebral ischemia produced considerable brain infarction in conjunction with severely impaired motor functions and edema formation. Combined treatment with candesartan and alpha tocopherol significantly reduced the infarct volume and lowered the water content in the ischemic lesioned hemisphere. These effects on brain edema and oxidative stress biomarkers were significantly more than the monotherapy with candesartan.
Conclusion: The combination therapy with candesartan and alpha tocopherol can noticeably decrease ischemic brain injury and attenuate edema formation likely via increasing the antioxidant activity.