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Showing 11 results for Farzaneh

Saryeh Golmohammadlo , Farzaneh Bromand ,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (Summer 2002)

  Background & Objective : One percent of emergency ward receptions are acute abdomen problems. Gynecological causes include 20%of them. Relation between physiology of women and abdominal pains challenges diagnosis. Clinical diagnosis in these cases have no substitution and studies about accuracy of diagnosis helps to correct future clinical diagnosis .

  Methods : A cross-sectional study conducted over 148 women whom admitted for acute abdomen causes and operation in Urmia Kosar Hospital during 1375-79. Data of history and Para clinical and also pre and post operation diagnosis Collected by related questionnaire and interpreted .

  Results : Ectopic pregnancy (39.9%), ruptured ovarian cyst (23.6%), ovarian cyst torsion(18.2 % ), abdomen masses unrelated to gynecological system (4.1%), were respectively common causes. Two cases were normal. Five appendicitis cases diagnosed after laparatomy. We observed 76% similarity of diagnosis before and after laparatomy, which coordinated with other studies. Ectopic pregnancy with 66 cases of diagnosis before and 53cases confirmation after operation was related to over diagnosis and 22 cases of ovarian cyst ruptures before operation and 36 cases of them after operation were related to under diagnosis .

  Conclusion : Considering the results, common causes of acute abdomen incur most frequent misdiagnoses. So keeping in mind that sometimes common cases appear atypically and on time using of paraclinic measures can help the surgeon to diagnose correctly before laparatomy .

Mohammad Narimani , Mojghan Khanbabazadeh , Saeid Farzaneh ,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2007)

 Background and Objectives: Emoployees' job satifaction (JS) is related to multiple factors and one of which is the personality factors. The present study was an attempt to find a relationship, if any, between personality and job satisfaction among Ardabil universities' staff.

 Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 247 employees who were sampled from a population of 390 individuals working in Ardabil university of medical sciences, Mohaghegh Ardabil University and Islamic Azad University of Ardabil. Instruments used for data collection were Bren Rowiter personality test and standard job satisfaction test. The personality test evaluated neurosis, autism, introversion / extroversion, dominance, self confidence and socialization in the subjects.

 Results: The findings indicated that socialization and self confidence were the most common characteristics among the subjects. These employees enjoyed a moderate to high job satisfaction). Neuresis and dominance tendencies can predict the job satisfaction among the university staff. It was also shown that men had more dominance than women.

 Conclusion:Since there was a positive correlation between self confidence and neurosis with JS, in order to promote JS, it is recommended to hold JT classes aiming to teach methods of controlling anger and improving self-confidence. Besides, the authorities in these universities should be taught to create a sense of respect in the employees rather than criticizing and blaming them. This can enhance self-confidence and improve JS among these employees.

Farzaneh Delgoshaie , Farzaneh Maleki , Mohammad Ramezani , Jamshid Yousefy ,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (Summer 2007)

 Background & Objectives: Resistance Strains of propionibacterium acnes is one of the most growing problems in acne treatment. Azelaic acid, due to the lack of bacterial resistance, could be a useful alternative in topical treatment of acne. The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects and side effects of azelaic acid and its comparison with topical clindamycin in the treatment of acne.

 Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was performed on 100 patients with mild acne. The patients were divided in to two groups. One group was treated with azelaic acid 20% cream and the other one was treated with Dalacin 1% gel twice daily for 4 weeks.

 Results: Both drugs Produced significant reduction in inflammatory Lesions (for azelaic acid p=0/000 and for clindamycin p=0/000) and noninflammatory lesions (for azelaic acid P=0/001 for clindamycin p=0/033). Comparing the mean of decrease in inflammatory and noninflammatory lesions, there was not a significant difference between two groups (of Papule and Pustule P=0/864 of comedons P=0/239). So the efficacy of these two drugs was same. In comparing the sideffects, erythem was more common in azelaic acid users significantly (p=0/031) and skin dryness was more Common in clindamycin users significantly (p=0/000).

 Conclusion: Azelaic acid 20% cream as effective as clindamycin gel 1% in the treatment of mild acne.

Farzaneh Maleki , Farzaneh Delgoshaee , Mohammadreza Khakzad , Mohammad Wejdanparast, Behiyeh Zakerian ,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2007)

  Background & Objectives: :Contact Dermatitis (C.D) is a common condition and 5.4% of population are suffering from it. Main treatments are based on emollients and corticosteroids. and in C.D cellular infiltration are mononuclears chiefly T. helper lymphocytes. The aim of this study was to have a new approach to herbals with new science covering and study the efficacy of alcoholic extracts of 4 herbals: henna, camomile cedar and aloevera in experimental C.D on mice.

  Methods: In a pilot experimental study first we chose 70 mice (ENMARY race, 50 ± 10gr weight as case group, then we shaved behind of their left ears (at the days 0 and 1) and rubbed DNCB 400 mg/ml on the skin.At the 10th and 14th day the same amount of DNCB again was rubbed on the left ear. On the right ear the same amount of olive oil in Acetone dissolver was rubbed,as control group. Then at the times of 2, 10, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 150 hrs after the 2nd contact, the mice were killed with Ether, cutting the ears from base and prepared pathological sections for study of cellular infiltration. In second stage alcoholic extracts of 4 plants were prepared, then herbal cream with 4% concentration in cold cream as pallish cream were made, with considering the results of first stage that showed the maximal infiltration was at 120 hr after contact, the creams were rubbed every 12hr for 7 days on 40 mice in 4 groups that had been sensitized before with DNCB. 2 groups (20 mice) were considered as control (10 mice received no drugs and 10 mice received cold cream). 60 mice were chosen in the second phase and in general 130 mice were investigated.

  Results: lymphocytic infiltration reduced after 7 days application of drugs for camomile group about 66/7%, cedar 50%, alaevera 12/5% and henna 0%

  Conclusion: Camomile chammazolen, Inositol had the best response (66/7% severe response) on improvement of contact dermatitis (P=0.02)

Farzaneh Pazandeh , Shahin Savadzadeh, Faraz Mojab , Hamid Alavi Majd,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (Winter 2008)

 Background & Objectives: One of the major concerns for parturient women and midwives is the healing of episiotomy and prevention of its subsequent complications. In order to achieve perineal healing in the past, cold and warmth therapy, traditional medicine and povidone iodine were used. But today episiotomy care includes ice pack and warm. One of non pharmacologic methods is aromatherapy and one of aromatherapy products is chamomile essence used in midwifery care and can extensively be applied to perineal healing and prevention of episiotomy infection. This clinical trial was conducted to assess the effects of chamomile essence on episiotomy healing on primiparous women referring to Talesh Hospital of Shaheed Norani in 2007.

 Methods: In this double blind clinical trial, 44 women on intervention group of chamomile essence and 44 women on control group of placebo used sitz bath together with routine care twice a day, for two weeks. Then episiotomy healing process was assessed on the first 12 hours, 7th and 14thdays of postpartum.

 Results: Healing process was considered as basic information on the first 12 hours. Findings showed that Mean pain on the 7th & 14th day decreased in the intervention group but it did not indicate a significant difference. Mean score (±standard deviation) perineal healing on the 7th day was on intervention group 1.61±1.08 and placebo group 1.34 ±0.9.Perineal healing mean on 14th day in intervention group 0.58 ±0.54 and placebo group 0.57±0.36. Mann Whitney, statistic tests showed no significant difference between these two groups.

 Conclusion: Results revealed that episiotomy healing was the same for both groups. It seems that more studies on this field with various doses and types of chamomile medical plant are necessary.

Eiraj Sayadrezai, Esmaeil Farzaneh , Ahad Azamy , Afsaneh Enteshari Mogaddam, Samira Shahbazzadegan, Reza Mehrgany,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (winter 2009)

 Background and objectives: Suicide is an important problem for social safety and health. This phenomenon is costly for remedy and also is against Islamic values and ethics. Recognizing some risk factors of forecasting after epidemiologic studies on people whom attempted to suicide could prepare and present outlines and proper guides for preventing by health and social planners. This research is purposed on suicide epidemiologic study to obtain full and enough data about deceased people by suicide in Ardebil province.

 Methods: The subjects of this descriptive, analytic and sectional research were 64 deceased people by suicide from 2003-2008, who were registered in Bualy, Fatemu, Alavi Hospital and Forensic Medicine of Ardabil Province. The Data was gathered by a researcher designed questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS software.

 Results: The highest rate of suicide belonged to age rank of 15-24 years (43.8 %), which occurred in female (62.5 %), married people (57.8 %) urban society (65.6 %) and patient without past chronic physical illness or psychiatric history and without pre-attempt suicide. Self poisoning by drugs and toxins were the most common used method in this case (90.6 %). Orderly the most common used drugs were Organo-Phosphorate Toxins, Tricyclic Antidepressants and Aluminum Phosphid.

 Conclusion:This research is indicating various risk factors such as sex, age, marriage status, residing place of society and easy access to drugs and toxins. According to obtained results, it is better or proper to accomplished related education and training of preventation and interference of mental health in second and third decades of life with allocation of much time for females (especially married). We suggest paying more attention to education, preventation, diagnosis and treatment of poisoning especially poisoning by most common drugs and toxins.

Babak Mostafazadeh, Esmaeil Farzaneh,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (spring 2010)

  Background & Objectives : One of the limitations in management of patients suffering from decreased level of consciousness due to drug poisoning is the inability to interview the patient. The aim of the study was to compare characteristics of the two subgroups of these patients those who had a suicidal attempt history with others.

 Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 19 patients with suicidal attempt history and 66 patients without this history were selected among patients who were admitted for drug poisoning to referral poisoning hospitals in Tehran, Iran, in August, September and October 2009. All of them had decreased level of consciousness due to unknown drug poisoning. Demographics, poisoning characteristics, past medical history and substance use history of the patients were recorded.

 Results: Different between previous history of suicide action with drug material decreased level of consciousness caused by poisoning, was significantly (p=0.04). Mental disease (p > 0.01), number of tablets consumed (p=0.02), interval between drug consumption and emergency forces to reach the place (p= 0.021), described in deliberate self poisoning patients (Self Poisoning) (p=0.001), decreased level of consciousness grade (p=0.046), U.S. fail initial level of consciousness after emergency measures (p=0.02) and the need for health care and advanced next (p= 0.013) in patients with decreased level of consciousness with a history of previous suicide compared with other group were higher. Significant difference between the two age groups (P> 0.05), gender and history of illegal drug use (P> 0.05) did not exist.

 Conclusion: According to these findings, when dealing with patients suffering from decreased level of consciousness due to unknown drug poisoning, paying attention to history of suicidal attempts in these patients can help medical professionals in determining more effective treatment options for them. Medical staff should also record previous suicide as a risk factor in the risk assessment to consider the disease.

Farhad Pourfarzi , Afsaneh Enteshari Mogaddam, Abbas Yazdanbod , Zahra Tazakkori , Esmaeil Farzaneh , Mehrdad Mirzarahimi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2011)

  Background & Objectives : Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is common through the world including Iran. Because of its chronic nature and lack of effective treatment, patients are always anxious and stressful and physicians are also exhausted of untreated patients. The cause of IBS is unclear and it has not effective treatment. Therefore, there is a need to find and introduce a proper method of treatment to control symptoms including abdominal pain and defecation changes. This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of probiotic yogurt on the general relief of symptoms associated with IBS.

  Methods : Subjects were recruited from patients of gastroenterology clinic in Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ardabil. A total of sixty patients fulfilling the Rome II criteria took part in this study. Subjects were randomized into two groups of trial and control. Pre- and post- treatment symptoms were investigated using a questionnaire. Thirty one patients received probiotic and 29 patients normal yogurt for 4 weeks. Bottles of yoghurt were manufactured, and coded by a company. Both participants and researcher were blinded for the bottles' code. The symptoms were followed before and after two and four weeks of treatment and two weeks post- discontinuing of trial, too. Data were analyzed by SPSS (Ver. 17) and differences between groups were compared statistically using of chi-square and t-test.

  Results: A total number of 60 patients were recruited in this study of whom 36 (60%) were female and 24(40%) male. The average age of participants was 34.1±9 which did not differ between two groups. The onset of symptoms did not show any difference between two groups. The trial group had a history of 5.7±5.1 years while this was 6.5±4.9 for the controls. In overall, patients who were given probiotic yogurt had shown a better response in the control of abdominal pain and flatulence than those who were treated with normal yogurt. There was not a significant difference between two groups in the response to treat for other symptoms including epigastric pain, vomiting, frequency of defecation and feces consistency.

  Conclusion: According to our research, adding probiotic yogurt to the patient diet may help ease symptoms of IBS especially, abdominal pain and flatulence. Considering the high prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and the lack of effective therapies, even a slight reduction in symptoms can have positive public health consequences.

Esmaeil Farzaneh, Firouz Amani , Saeid Sadeghiyeh , Eiraj Sayad Rezaeei , Mehrdad Mirzarahimi , Babak Mostafazadeh, Ali Ghorbanzadeh ,
Volume 12, Issue 5 (suppl 2012)

  Background & Objective s: Poisoning is one of the most common causes that referred to the Emergence and one of the most important Medicine immediacy. Correct and immediate diagnosis and accommodative treatment can be life saving. Knowing the overall pattern of poisoning in any geographical area would help to better manage and treat the victims.

  Methods : In a cross sectional descriptive study, the required information was collected from the records of patients showing drugs and chemical poisoning who referred to Imam Khomeini hospital Collected data was statistically analyzed using SPSS software.

  Results : Out of 2852 case of poisoning, 106 people passed away due to severe complication. Of these 56.8% were men and 43.2% were women. The majority of cases (76.8%) were from urban areas. Suicide was the main cause of poisoning (66.53%). Accidental poisoning was recorded for 5.01% of cases. In 28.45% of cases, the cause of poisoning was not identified. The age group 21-30 years made the highest number of cases (52.3%). Tramadol, Benzodiazepines and Aceteminophen were the most poisons used respectively. Benzodiazeine was the most taken drug is in suicide (19.97%).

  Conclusion : Results showed that poisoning with Tramadol and Benzodiazepines is high in Ardabil Province. Opioids, Aluminum Phosphide and Organophosphores are the main causative of death in poisoned victims in the province of Ardabil.

Esmaeil Farzaneh, Firouz Amani, Mehrdad Mirzarahimi, Mahboubeh Nasrollahtabar, Iraj Sayad Rezaei,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (spring 2014)

  Background & Objectives : Poisoning is a common cause of hospital emergency visits in many countries. Incidence of poisoning is different based on cultural and economic characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of poisoning in pediatrics.

  Methods: This cross sectional study was performed on 336 patients under 13 years of age referring to Bu-Ali hospital during five years (2007-2011). Variables such as age, sex, residency place, hospitalized duration, cause of the poisoning, clinical signs, treatment and outcome were obtained by a checklist. Collected data analyzed by statistical methods in SPSS v16.

  Results : Among the subjects, 197 patients (58.6%) were male. The average age of the children was 4.1 years and the most common age range was 1 to 4 years with (210 patients, 62.5%). The mean duration of hospitalization of children was 1.7 day (SD= 0.2), 77.7 % of the children were living in the city and the summer was accounted as a common season in which the patients referred to the hospital (32.7 %). The most used materials were drugs with 60.71% and in 86.6% of patients the cause of poisoning was accidental.

  Conclusion : Results showed that the most common cause of poisoning among children are drugs and methadone was the most commonly abused substance. It requires that parents should be trained about keeping their children away from drugs somewhere.

Hashem Faal Moghanlo, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Farzaneh Mikaili Manee,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (Autumn 2014)

  Background & objectives : Different types of practises are known for improving motor skills in intellectually disabled boys. The purpose of this study was to compar e the impact of spark motor program and basketball on improving of gross motor skills in this people.

  Methods: In this semi-experimental study , from 98 educable intellectually disabled students who studied in special school in Urmia, 30 children ( age range of 9 to 13 years and IQ mean 64.4 ) were selected objectively and divided in three groups (2 experimental and 1 control) based on pre - test. BOTMP was used as a measurement of motor ability. Selected motor program (Spark motor program) including strengthening training, games, sports and basketball techniques was performed for 24 sessions. T-tests (dependent) and co-variance were used to comparison of results.

  Results: In Spark group after 24 sessions, there were significant effects on balance (p= 0.000), bilateral coordination (p=0.000) and strength (p=0.001). There was no significant effect in agility and speed (p= 0.343) in basketball techniques group after 24 sessions, there were significant effects in agility and speed (p= 0.001), balance (p= 0.000), bilateral coordination (p= 0.013) and strength (p= 0.007).

  Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it can be claimed that the Spark program and basketball techniques improve gross motor skills in educable intellectually disabled students. We also found a significant difference between the Spark program and basketball techniques efficacy on the improved skills. Furthermore, the efficacy of Spark program was significantly higher than basketball techniques (p<0.05).

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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