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Showing 12 results for Dadkhah

Mohammadali Mohammadi , Hosein Doostkami , Behrooz Dadkhah , Seyedhashem Sezavar ,
Volume 2, Issue 2 (Summer 2002)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives : Coronary artery disease is one of the most important mortality causes in developed and developing countries. Many risk factors can influence coronary artery disease some of which can be controlled and prevented. Information should be given to people for controlling these factors and prior to this information – giving, the primary awareness of them about risk factors needs to be ascertained. This research is a study of the knowledge, attitude and practice of Ardabil people about CAD risk factors.

  Methods : This descriptive analytic study was done on 384 individuals (female and male) over 20 years old. These subjects were selected from five clusters. Synthetic questionnaire was used for data collection through direct interview at home. The collected data was then analyzed by SPSS software.

  Results : 50.5% of samples were females. 27.3 % of the subjects were high-school graduates. Most of them (70%) were aware of stress and lesion as risk factors. 66.9% of them were aware only of the effect of immobility on coronary artery disease but 13% of them had regular physical activity. 52.1% of them were aware of the harmful effect of salt on CAD, but 15% of them had low salt intake. 48.2% of people were aware of benefit of liquid oil on health, but only 25% of them consumed it. Results showed that, 48.2%, 51.3% and 40.9% of individual had moderate knowledge, positive attitude, and weak practice, respectively. The relationship among variables was significant (P<0.0001), and practice of people has been increased with increasing of knowledge and attitude.

  Conclusion : Regarding these results, regular programs are necessary for increasing awareness and practice of people as primary preventive steps for controlling CAD.


Behrooz Dadkhah , Mohammadali Mohammadi ,
Volume 2, Issue 3 (Autumn 2002)
Abstract

 Background & Objective: Breast cancer is the most common cancer occurring among women and the second leading cause of death from cancer among them. The mortality rate of breast cancer is directly related to the stage of the disease when diagnosed, and is reduced by regular breast cancer screening program. This survey is carried out to identify the knowledge, attitude and practice of women in Ardabil about BSE.

 Methods: In this descriptive study, 150 women with 20-25 years of age, were selected through systematic cluster sampling. Knowledge, attitude and practice of them about BSE were investigated through face to face interview, and the obtained data were analyzed using descriptive and analytic statistics.

 Results: 44% of women had some information about breast cancer. 44.7% of them had average information about BSE. There was statistically significant relationship between knowledge of BSE on the one hand and age, marital status and history of previous breast examination on the other. 52% of them believed in BSE for early detection of breast cancer. Their attitude towards BSE was positive (51.3%) and there was a significant relationship between their knowledge and attitude. 18% of the subjects practiced BSE at least once, and their overall practice was in a weak level (46.7%).

 Conclusions: Qualitative researches could be recommended to recognize the factors effective in the improvement of acceptance of breast cancer screening methods among women.


Behrooz Dadkhah , Mohammadali Mohammadi , Naser Mozafari , Abdollah Mahdavi,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (Winter 2002)
Abstract

Background &  Objective: Burning is a problem that occurs quite frequently every day, and brings about a lot of psychophysical problems for both the burnt individual and his  family. Hospital infection,burn infection and lack of the precsie care on the part of nursing staff is one of the hospital insufficiencies.This increases the duration of hospitalization and leads to the wastage of costs and as a result is very life threatening. This study was conducted to determine the quality of burn wound dressing in burn ward of Fatemi hospital.

Methods: In this descriptive-analytical research, 100 cases of burn wounds were selected using simple sampling method, and were studied in terms of dressing quality.The data were collected using questionnaire and observation cards. The questionnaire included 9 questions regarding demographic specification and the observation card had 14 questions about the patient, 20 questions for attentive persons and 16 questions regarding equipment and solutions and 16 questions about the environment.This collected data was analysed using descriptive and inferential test.

Results: The findings indicated that the dressing quality of burn wound regarding the patients was weak (73%),average (27%) and good (0%). The equipment and solutions used were weak (52%), average (35%) and good (13%). In relation to environment weak (92%) average (8%), good (0%) and regarding attentive person weak(73%), average (27%), good (0%). There was a signnificant correlation among working experience, marital status and age of attentive personnel, and quality of burn wound caring.

Conclusions:The findings indicated that the dressing quality of burn wound caring was weak. It is also recommended that more attention should be given to caring burn wounds by nursing staff.
Naser Mozaffari, Mohammadali Mohammadi, Behrouz Dadkhah , Abdollah Mahdavi ,
Volume 4, Issue 4 (Winter 2004)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Haemodialysis has been used as a replacement therapy in patients with end- stage renal failure for several decades. But it is not clear yet how much haemodialysis a uremic patient needs? ‏ There are different methods for the assessment of needs and adequacy of dialysis. One of these methods was measurement of KT/V of haemodiolytic patients. The aim of this study was to determine dialysis adequacy of haemodialytic patients in Ardabil dialysis center .

  Methods: In this descriptive study, all of the hemodialytic patients (70 cases) in 2002 were studied. Urea and blood cells were determined in the patients' blood samples both before and after dialysis. KT/V methods were used to determine the adequacy of dialysis. The data were collected and analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive (mean,standard deviation) and analytical (X2) statistics.

  Results: The findings showed that KT/V was smaller than 1.2 in 90% of cases. 54.3% of patients were dialysed three times a week mean of dialysis duration was 2.4 ± 1.63 years. Mean of hemoglobin was 8.27 ± 1.69 gr/dl. There was no significant relationship between dialysis adeqnacy and instrument type.

  Conclusion: 90% of haemodialytic patients in this center did not have adaquate dialysis in terms of KT/V criteria. As a result it seems necessery to pay more attention in order to improve the present condition.


Fariba Kahnamoei Aghdam , Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Bahrooz Dadkhah, Firooz Asadzadeh , Melina Afshinmehr,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2005)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Unwanted pregnancy is a general and worldwide issue that has an impact on not only the women but the families and societies as well. It may be caused by a failure to use contraceptive methods and paying less attention to family planning methods. This may result in negative effects on community health. This study is an attempt in this regard.

  Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study 600 pregnant women referring to health care centers in Ardabil were selected through cluster sampling (5 clusters). The data were collected in the form of questionnaires filled in by the researchers interviewing the subjects. These data were then analysed by SPSS software using descriptive and inferential statistics.

  Results: The subjects ranged between 13 to 44 years old (Mean=25.13). Among them 93.5% were housewives and 18.5% were illiterate. Majority of them (72%) wanted to have two children. 30.8% of the present pregnancies were unwanted and 11.2% of the women had the experience before. Age average in unintentionally pregnant women was greater than that of intentionally pregnant ones (28.5 and 23.7 years old respectively). This difference was statistically significant. 75.7% of the unwanted pregnancies had happened despite using family planning methods. The rate of unwanted pregnancy among illiterate women was significantly greater than that among the educated ones (52.34% and 26.7% respectively). Also there was a significant relationship between the type of pregnancy on the one hand and the husbands’ education and the wife’s employment on the other (P<0.0001).

  Conclusion: With regard to 30.8% prevalence of unwanted pregnancy and irregular use of contraceptive methods, it can be claimed that training the pregnant women and providing them with necessary information have been insufficient. It seems necessary to teach them the methods of contraception and follow them up.


Mohammad Ali Mohammadi , Behroz Dadkhah,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (Autumn 2005)
Abstract

 Background & Objectives: With due attention to the modern technology developments in medical sciences, human resource training and optimization looks necessary. Although its importance and necessity has been regarded by many investigatores and scientists and they have emphasized its accurate and comprehensive execution, unfortunately, the training of nurses has encountered some problems, the solution of which demands great attempts. This study has been done to determine the state of Continuous medical Education (CME) from the view of the nursing personnel working in the hospitals under Ardabil university of medical sciences in 2002.

 Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 386 nursing personnel working in hospital under Ardabil university of medical sciences. A questionnaire was used to collect the data. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software.

 Results: 79% of the sample was female and 81.9% were nurses. 35.6% of them had not participated in CME courses. 28.6% of them had information about CME law. 25% found the lectures less practical and 56.5% of them appraised moderate the subjects presented. 60% of them believed in the positive influence of conferences in hospitals on their better functioning. 59.8 % said that their educational needs is not evaluated before the conference is held. 75.4% stated that new books in nursing are not available in the hospitals. 49.7% have appraised educational programs in the hospitals as moderate. 43.8% stated that the operation of modern medical equipment is not trained completely and only 4.6% said that specialists have scientific discussion with nurses. Overal, 55.2% of the nurses evaluated education by specialists as moderate.

 Conclusion: 50.8% of nurses assigned a moderate value to CME. It seems necessary to reconsider the subjects and the execution procedures and perform needs analysis prior to this education.


Behrooz Dadkhah, Mohammad Mohammadi, Naser Mozaffari ,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (spring 2006)
Abstract

 Background & Objectives: Since the students majoring in different fields of medicine are going to play key roles regarding community health in the future, it seems necessary to characterize problems threat e ning their mental health. This study was performed in order to evaluate students’ mental health status in Ardabil university of medical sciences.

 Methods: In this descriptive and analytical study, 426 students, selected nonradomly were requested to fill out General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) with 28 questions as well as personal information questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-squre.

 Results: The findings indicated that fear to speak among peers (31.2%), lack of concentration (24.2%) and losing self-confidence (18.1%) were obsessing the students. According to cut point 23, 28.1% of students were assumed to have mental disorder. There was no significant difference between male and female students in terms of mental disorders but there was a meaningful relationship between their status and their economic problems, living place as well as their interest in their course (p<0.05).

 Conclusion: This study suggests further psychological evaluation and adequate counseling service to promote students’ mental health.

 


Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Behrouz Dadkhah, Hashem Sazavar , Naser Mozaffari ,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (Summer 2006)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Controlling diet to regulate blood pressure in hypertensive patients has always been a challenging issue. On the other hand, insufficient supporting systems, non efficient follow-up programs, patients inability to do treatment measures in relapsing period, insufficient following of diet and drug taking, unplanned discharge and poor knowledge of risk factors are among controllable factor that lead to the readmission of the patients. The aim of this study is determining the effect of follow up on blood pressure control in hypertentive patients.

  Methods: In this interventional study, hypertensive patients referring to emergency ward were randomly divided into two case groups (100 patients) and two control groups (100 patients). After collecting data, case group patients were trained in their homes about the role of nutrition, mobility and regular drug use in blood pressure control for 3 months. Then, blood pressure in case and control groups was controlled and mean blood pressure in two groups was compared. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive and analytical statistics.

  Result: 55.4 % of the case and 54.3% controls had family history of blood pressure. Before intervention mean BMI in case and control group was 26.8±5.56 and 28.04±14.66 and after intervention it was 25.96±5.38 and 27.61±14.29 respectively. Before follow up program was implemented, 39.13% of the cases and 35.87% of the controls had regular drug use history. After follow-up this rose to 44.6% and 42.4% respectively. After follow-up program 22.83% of the cases and 17.39% of the controls had referred to emergency ward or a physician once in 3 months. After intervention program, mean systolic blood pressure in cases and controls were 133 and 153 mmHg respectively and this difference was statistically meaningful (P<0.001). After follow-up, systolic blood pressure control in case and control groups was 59.8% and 35.9% respectively and this difference was meaningful (P<0.001).

  Conclusion: Results showed that after training program and home follow-up, blood pressure and weight control were more in case group, than control group, Therefore, we suggest that patient training programs and follow up and home follow-up be used as an effective way in hypertensive patients' health care and their treatment.


Behrooz Dadkhah, Mohammad Mohammadi, Shahnaz Poornaseri, Naser Mozaffari, Davood Adham,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008)
Abstract

Background & Objective: Emphasiz to the research in any country leads to develop and progress of it, and it presents the self- sufficiency and real independence for that country .The first step to optimize the research in society is to obtain the correct understandding from
capabilities, possibilities and to find the weakness and strength aspects of investigations. This study aspeet's of has been done regarding the above-mentioned aims.
Methods: This was a descriptive-cross-sectional study, that has been done to determine the view of Ardabil province Universities scientific members' about research and its limitations by simple sampling. Data collection tools were questionnaire including two parts: the first part, consisted of personal-social specifications and the second part, consisted of five parts (personal, intra- organizational, extra-organizational limitations, characteristics and their attitudes to research.
Results: the results showed that in related to the personal limitation overworking with mean 2/75±2/48, in the intra-organizational limitations, to be low the investigation payment in relation to the passed time with mean 3102±1/14 ,in the extra-organizational ones, ineffectiveness of the investigation results in managers decision 2/81±/44, in the characteristics, sensitivity of the scientific research 2/8±1/17 and in to promote and progress of the society , with mean 4/72 ± /53 had the highest scores.
Conclusion: many factors such as parsonaling, intra-and extra-organizational and characteristic factors, attitude to research on the view of scientific members of the restriction factors
Davood Adham, Parviz Salem Safi, Mohammad Amiri, Behrooz Dadkhah, Mohammadali Mohammadi, Naser Mozaffari, Zekrollah Sattari, Saeid Dadashian,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 2008)
Abstract

Background & Objectives: Since the students majoring in different Fields of medicine are going to play key roles regarding Community health in the future, it seams necessary to characterize problems threatening their mental health. This study was performed in order to evaluate students’ mental health status in Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 352 students were selected through census and were requested to fill out general health questionnaire (GHQ) with 28 questions as well as personal information questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi- square.
Results: The findings indicate that students have problems in physical (1.7%), and social function (4.3%), anxiety and insomnia (2.3%) of them suffer from severe depression (2%). Also according to cut point (23) 22.7% students were suspected of mental disorders. In this research, there was no significant difference in mental disorders between male and female students, but there was a meaningful relationship between status with paternal educational degree and family size and mother's job (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: according to the findings, student's psychological evaluation and counseling service in different fields to promote student mental health, is recommended

Behnam Molaie , Mohammadali Mohamadi , Aghil Habibi , Vahid Zamanzadeh , Behrouz Dadkhah , Parviz Molavi, Naser Mozaffari ,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2011)
Abstract

  Background and Objectives: The importance of considering to job stress among women is not related to loss of economics alone, but it makes an unsafe condition in health of body and soul of person, family and society, too. This study was aimed to determine the rate of job stress among employed women in Ardebil during 2010.

  Methods: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 1250 governmental-employed women were selected in different offices of Ardabil city. Data were collected by job-contained Karasek questionnaire and results were analyzed by chi-square test.

  Results: The results showed that 62.8% of women experienced medium level of stress and 36.5% revealed to have severe stress. Our findings significantly showed that there are relationship between stress rate of individuals with number of children, level of education, place of living, job experience, rate of work hours per day and night work shift, employment status, physical and mental diseases (p <0.05 ( .

  Conclusion: With respect to severe stress found in employed women in study setting, it seems to need to increase mental health indices in individuals, families and community, and the authorities should develop a comprehensive plan to enhance productivity and satisfaction among employees.


Mohammadreza Pirmoradi , Behrouz Dolatshahi , Reza Rostami, Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Asghar Dadkhah,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2013)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of rTMS (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation) in reduction the signs and symptoms of depression, such as cognitive, bodily and negativity-worthlessness in recurrent major depression.

  Methods : It was used a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design with control group , a sample consisting of 32 patients who had recurrent depression on the basis of DSM-IV,SCID and BDI-II scale & Hamilton scales, were randomly assigned to two groups. The experimental group underwent 20 sessions of rTMS as the independent factor and both groups (control &experimental) had 12 sessions of psychotherapy and drugs treatment. Upon the intervention, both groups were tested with triplex tests, to determine the effect of the independent factor on the dependent factor of rTMS. Data were analyzed using Chi square, T- test, covariance and repeated measures analysis of variance.

  Results : With comprise between pre &post-test, we understand the effect of rTMSin cognitive, bodily and negativity-worthlessness scalesthe difference of two groups was significant, but the decrease of cognitive scale was higher than other two scales. All the tests showed the reduction of signs and symptoms of recurrent depression in participants .

  Conclusion: The rTMS is effective in treatment of triple signs andsymptoms (cognitive, bodily and negativity-worthlessness) in patients with recurrent major depression.



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