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Showing 2 results for Azghani

Peyman Azghani , Alireza Samarbafzadeh, Ahmad Farajzadeh, Fransva Feval , Alireza Khorramifar,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (Winter 2007)

  Background & Objective: Mycobacterium leprae is the cause for leprosy which is a contagious disease in many developing countries. These diseases have always been a dreadful one for its unpleasant clinical symptoms and the disabilities it causes. It has the most prolonged cell division time of all bacteria (12-14 days). Its incubation period is long (3-5 years) even 40 years has been reported. The complications which it leaves are irreversible and it bears a heavy socio-mental burden on the individual and the society. WHO has listed 91 countries with leprosy. The goal of the present study was the early diagnosis of the disease before the emergence of unpleasant clinical symptoms and popularizing molecular method of PCR in place of the conventional method of slit skin smear which is not a precise or reliable method.

  Methods: In this study 40 slit skin smear and the same number of skin biopsies were taken from patients referring Bababaghi Hospital and samples from ear lobes and eyebrows were taken. Slit skin smears were stained with Zeihl-Neelsen method and examine microscopically. At the same timy biopsy specimens were extracted.

 Results: Of 40 samples, three slit-skin specimens (7.5%) had positive smear result, while 14 (35%) biopsies had PCR positive result. The rest (11 cases) probably had TT or borderline forms of BB, BT, BL).

 Conclusion: The results showed that SSS is not a precise and reliable method for diagnosing leprosy especially in TT form which is always negative direct smear. Also direct smear method and clinical symptoms are not accurate or reliable methods in estimating the rate of disease prevalence.

Behnam Mohammadi-Ghalehbin , Kimyia Rahimi , Ali Pezeshki , Firooz Amani , Peyman Azghani , Soltan Asghari , Elham Raeisi ,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (spring 2015)

  Background & objectives: Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan parasite lives and also causes symptoms in urogenital system of human. Trichomoniasis is the widest spread infection which is transmitted through sexual contact and more than 170 million people are a ffected with Trichomonas vaginalis in the world. Trichomonas vaginalis in women causes pelvic inflammatory disease, increase in the risk of fallopian tube dependent infertility, ectopic pregnancy, preterm labor, the birth of low weight infants and the increase in the possibility of HIV transmission. Considering the importance of Trichomonas vaginalis infection in pregnant women and lack of data from Ardabil city, this study was performed to identify this infection in pregnant women referred to health and medical centers of Ardabil city.

  Methods: Vaginal discharge from 500 pregnant women was collected with sterile swap and disposable speculum and examined for Trichomonas vaginalis by direct microscopic examination and cultured in Diamond specific medium. A testimonial and questionnaire were completed for each case and the results analyzed using chi-square test by SPSS statistical software version 19.

  Results: In this study, the culture of samples displayed 12 positive cases (2.4%). Furthermore, Trichomonas vaginalis trophozoites were observed in five cases (1%) with direct microscopic examination. Among 12 positive cases, five respondents (41.7%) were in age range of 16-25 years and seven (58.3%) in 26-35 years old. Among different clinical manifestations there was a significant relation between discharge and the infection.

  Conclusion: The present survey confirmed the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection in pregnant women of Ardabil city. Therefore, an effective healthcare program by health authorities for prevention of infection in this group seems to be needed.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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