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Showing 2 results for Asadzadeh

Fariba Kahnamoei Aghdam , Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Bahrooz Dadkhah, Firooz Asadzadeh , Melina Afshinmehr,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2005)
Abstract

  Background & Objectives: Unwanted pregnancy is a general and worldwide issue that has an impact on not only the women but the families and societies as well. It may be caused by a failure to use contraceptive methods and paying less attention to family planning methods. This may result in negative effects on community health. This study is an attempt in this regard.

  Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study 600 pregnant women referring to health care centers in Ardabil were selected through cluster sampling (5 clusters). The data were collected in the form of questionnaires filled in by the researchers interviewing the subjects. These data were then analysed by SPSS software using descriptive and inferential statistics.

  Results: The subjects ranged between 13 to 44 years old (Mean=25.13). Among them 93.5% were housewives and 18.5% were illiterate. Majority of them (72%) wanted to have two children. 30.8% of the present pregnancies were unwanted and 11.2% of the women had the experience before. Age average in unintentionally pregnant women was greater than that of intentionally pregnant ones (28.5 and 23.7 years old respectively). This difference was statistically significant. 75.7% of the unwanted pregnancies had happened despite using family planning methods. The rate of unwanted pregnancy among illiterate women was significantly greater than that among the educated ones (52.34% and 26.7% respectively). Also there was a significant relationship between the type of pregnancy on the one hand and the husbands’ education and the wife’s employment on the other (P<0.0001).

  Conclusion: With regard to 30.8% prevalence of unwanted pregnancy and irregular use of contraceptive methods, it can be claimed that training the pregnant women and providing them with necessary information have been insufficient. It seems necessary to teach them the methods of contraception and follow them up.


Fariba Kahnamoie Aghdam , Firooze Asadzadeh Monir , Firooz Amani ,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2007)
Abstract

  Background and objectve: Hyper prolactinemia is a disorder which is presented in clinical forms of galatrrhea infertility, menstural disorder, hirsotism and PMS. Bromocriptin is agonist of dopamine and a drug for treatment of this disorder. Because of the necessity in continuous consumption of this drug (even for many years), the acceptance of the patients to the drug is important. In the present study the side-effects and acceptance level of patients to bromocriptin for the two forms of oral and vaginal use were studied.

  Methods: This study is a single-blinded clinical trial. Cases of study were patients referring Gynecology clinic with complaints of “Galactoria, Hirsotism, Menstural disorders and infertility.” The samples were 180 (two groups of 90 members each) and the length of study was two years. The samples were divided into two groups, (oral & vaginal). Before the start of the study, cases underwent, in terms of systemic and local complication, systemic and gynceologic examination to control systemic and local side effects. After health assurance of other systems, drugs were administered in two forms one group oral and the other group vaginal. The data was collected on the basis of questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS.

  Results: This study showed the side effects of Bromcriptin in oral-forms they were 100% and for vaginal-froms they were 43.2%. Most of the side effects in oral froms were nausea 38.9% and in vaginal from was vaginal itching (22.3%). Vertingo in oral forms was more than vaginal form (27.8% to 2.3%). Hypotension was seen in 11.2% of oral forms but not in vaginal form. About 51.2% of oral form group had more than two complications. In both groups the most complications were seem within the first ten days (37.8% and 66.7%). Severity of side effects in 31.2% of oral forms and 11% of vaginal forms were so tense that resulted to patients' discontinuation of the drug.

  Conclusion: There is a significant difference between severity, intensity and kind of complications in the forms of oral and vaginal use of Branocriptin and acceptance and duration of drug intake in vaginal forms is more than oral forms.



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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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