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Showing 2 results for Aligholi

Aligholi Sobhani , Mohammad Akbari,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2005)

  Background & Objectives: Anatomical position is the base for normal posture evaluation. Any deviation from this posture can create problems for an individual. Common faulty postures appear at the head, vertebral column, shoulder girdles, pelvis and other parts of the body. High flexibility of the primary school children’s skeleton increases the chance of faulty postures. Limited athletic activities of Iranian girls can lead to postural deficiencies among them, which can be followed by some irreversible complications. This study evaluated the rate of faulty postures and their risk factors among primary school girls and recommended some procedures for prevention and physical treatment of them.

  Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on all 261 students of Ghaem Motlagh primary school. The subjects ranged between 7 and 11 in age. The data were collected through physical examination carried out by an anatomist and a physiotherapist. These data were analysed using SPSS softwere (ver.6).

  Results: The finding showed that, 8.8% of the cases had abnormal rotation of the head. In lumbar region 1.5% involved hypolordosis and 6.9% hyperlordosis. Our results showed that there is a significant relationship between scapula winging and dominant hand (p=0.001).

  Conclusion: According to the results, it is suggested that sport activities under the guidance of a physical therapist, which involve all the body parts should be encouraged especially in girls schools.

Hadi Peeridoghaheh, Marziyeh Aligholi, Mohammadhosein Dehghan, Parviz Maleknejad,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008)

Background & Objective: Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases in Iran and is endemic in all parts of the country. Patients recorded in 1988 were 71,051(132. 4 per 100,000). Brucella species are facultative intracellular bacteria, and therefore a limited number of antibiotics are effective against these organisms. The aim of this study was the
evaluation of in vitro sensitivity of various antimicrobial agents against 47 brucella melitensis strains isolated from blood culture.
Methods: The susceptibility of 47 Brucella melitensis isolates derived from clinical samples were tested in vitro. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the tested antimicrobials were measured by the agar dilution method.MIC90 and MIC50 values were defined as the lowest concentration of the antibiotic at which 90 and 50 percent of the isolates
were inhibited, respectively. The NCCLS criteria for slow growing bacteria were considered to interpret the results.
Results: Tetracycline (MIC50: 0.13μg/ml, MIC90: 0.25 μg/ml) and streptomycin (MIC50:0.003 μg/ml, MIC90:0.25 μg/ml) had the lowest MICs in vitro against the B. melitensis strains. Norfloxacin had the highest (8 μg/ml) MIC90 value. More than half
isolates presented reduced susceptibility to rifampin (MIC value: 2μg/ml).
Conclusion: Brucella isolates remain susceptible in vitro to most antibiotics used for treatment of brucellosis. There is no significantly important resistance problem for antibiotics targeted against Brucella species in Iran. However, since rifampin is commonly used for prevalent diseases such as tuberculosis, the regional susceptibility pattern of rifampin should be assessed periodically.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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