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Showing 14 results for Akbari

Mohammadreza Ghodraty , Ghodrat Akhavan Akbari , Firooz Amani , Shahnaz Rahimi , Nasrin Shahab ,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (Autumn 2003)

  Background & Objective : Regional anesthesia is a method of choice in cesarean section. But in emergency cesarean sections general anesthesia is usually preferred. On the other hand, intravenous sedative drugs used in general anesthesia induction rapidly crosses the placenta and result in fetal depression. Because of higher prevalence of general anesthesia in Iran it is reasonable to conduct more researches in this field. This study set out to compare the effects of Propofol and Thiopental-Na as induction agents on the neonatal Apgar score and maternal hemodynamic status.

  Methods: In this double blind clinical trial 60 pregnant women with ASA class I & II were studied. In a random way 30 patients received 2mg/kg Propofol and the rest of them were given 4mg/kg of Thiopental-Na. All these subjects had full term and normal fetus. Pre and post-induction status of the patients was monitored noninvasively after tracheal intubations and during 12 minutes after that. Also time intervals between induction and birth (cord clipping) and between uterus incision and birth were measured. Apgar score of neonates was evaluated through clinical examination in 1st, 5th, 10th and 15th minutes after birth. The data were analyzed in SPSS software using descriptive and analytical statistics such as T-test, chi-square and ANOVA.

 Results: Apgar score in different times (1.5,10&15 minute) had no significant difference between two groups. (In the 1st minute Propofol was 7.1 ± 2.2 and Thiopental was 74 ± 1.8, in the 5th minute Propofol was 9.2 ± 0.7 and Thiopental was 9.1 ± 0.9) Maximum variation of heart rate and blood pressure in two groups were not significantly different. The time intervals between induction and birth (less than 8 minutes) on the one hand and uterus incision and birth(less than 130 seconds) on the other were similar in two groups.

  Conclusions : Thiopental-Na and Propofol can be used with similar results for induction of general anesthesia in cesarean section.

Aligholi Sobhani , Mohammad Akbari,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (Winter 2005)

  Background & Objectives: Anatomical position is the base for normal posture evaluation. Any deviation from this posture can create problems for an individual. Common faulty postures appear at the head, vertebral column, shoulder girdles, pelvis and other parts of the body. High flexibility of the primary school children’s skeleton increases the chance of faulty postures. Limited athletic activities of Iranian girls can lead to postural deficiencies among them, which can be followed by some irreversible complications. This study evaluated the rate of faulty postures and their risk factors among primary school girls and recommended some procedures for prevention and physical treatment of them.

  Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on all 261 students of Ghaem Motlagh primary school. The subjects ranged between 7 and 11 in age. The data were collected through physical examination carried out by an anatomist and a physiotherapist. These data were analysed using SPSS softwere (ver.6).

  Results: The finding showed that, 8.8% of the cases had abnormal rotation of the head. In lumbar region 1.5% involved hypolordosis and 6.9% hyperlordosis. Our results showed that there is a significant relationship between scapula winging and dominant hand (p=0.001).

  Conclusion: According to the results, it is suggested that sport activities under the guidance of a physical therapist, which involve all the body parts should be encouraged especially in girls schools.

Ghodrat Akhavan Akbari , Masoud Entezariasl , Firooz Amani ,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (Autumn 2006)

  Background and Objectives: Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation could lead to hemodynamic responses in the from of hypertension and tachycardia as well as arrhythmia and myocardial ischemia. This alterations can be life-threatening particularly in elderly people. This clinical trial compared the effects of two rapid-onset narcotics, Alfentanil and Remifentanil, on the hemodynamic responses to the induction and tracheal intubation in elderly patients.

  Methods: This double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 40 subjects aged 65 and above. They were candidate of cataract surgery under general anesthesia. The patients were randomly allocated to two groups of 20. The first group, was gaiven Alfentanil 10 m g/kg and for second group Remifentanil 0.5 m g/kg was injected prior to the induction of anesthesia. Both groups were similiar in the method of anesthesia except in narcotics. The first group was infused with Alfentanil 1 m g/kg/min and Remifentanil 0.1 m g/kg/min was used for the second group. Hemodynamic variations including heart rate, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure were measured and recorded eight times (before induction, aften injection, after intubation and five times during anesthesia). Data were analyzed with SPSS software using descriptive and analytical statistics such as T-test, chi squre and ANOVA.

  Results: Immediately after injection of narcotic drugs, all hemodynamic variants decreased. Howerver diastolic blood pressure in Remifentantil group significantly more than Alfentanil group (P<0.05). After laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation all hemodynamic variants increased and slowly decreased in less than 10 minutes. Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure decreased significantly in remifentanil group than alfentanil group (P<0.05). Although heart rate decreased during few minutes after intubation, there was not significant difference between two groups regarding this decrease (P>0.05). Ephedrin was used to treat severe hypotention in those under Remifentanil (11 patients) more than those under Alfentanil (4 patients) (P<0.05).

  Conclusions: According to the resukts of this study Remifentanil could prevent hemodynamic variation induced by laryngoscopy and treacheal intubation more than Alfentanil. However in some cases Remifentanil leads to hypotension during anesthesia. There is no important difference between two drugs in increasing heat rate after laryngoscopy and intubation.

Mohammadreza Nahaei , Reza Bohloli Khiavi , Mohammad Asgarzadeh, Alka Hasani , Javid Sadeghi, Mohammad Akbari Dibavar ,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2007)

  Background and Objectives: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a nosocomial pathogen that presents high antibiotic resistance.There are phenotyping and genotyping methods for epidemiologic study of Pseudomonas aeruginosa such as antibiotic resistance pattern and plasmid profile analysis. Plasmid analysis provides useful information concerning the source of the strains and number of clones present in the epidemies. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate antibiotic and plasmid profiles of P. aeruginosa strains isolated from in-patients of the Sina Medical Centre of Tabriz to clarify epidemyological correlation among isolated strains.

  Methods: During 13 months, 135 strains of P. aeruginosa were isolated from different infections in hospitalized patients at Sina Medical Center of Tabriz. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed using disc agar diffusion test. For plasmid DNA extraction and detection of open circular bands from supercoiled ones, modified alkaline lysis procedure and two dimensional electrophoresis were used, respectively. Enzymatic digestion of plasmids was carried out by EcoRI and HincII restriction enzymes.

  Results: Resistance rates of strains against antibacterial agents were recorded as: Aztreonam (77%), colistin (74%), ceftazidime (69%), pipracillin (67%), ofloxacin (62%), tobramycin (56%), carbenicillin (54%), gentamicin (51%), ciprofloxacin (22%), amikacin (15%), polymixin B (13%) and imipenem (2%). Plasmid profiles of our test strains revealed that only 67 strains harbored plasmid(s). Number of isolated plasmids ranged 1-6 in each strain with molecular mass of 0.5kb-21kb. When the isolated plasmids were digested using restriction endonuclease enzymes (EcoRI and HincII), in 32% of them similar digestion profiles were obtained by EcoRI indicating a unique source for them.

  Conclusion : Our findings suggest high antibiotic resistance and plasmid presence in P. aeruginosa strains isolated from different infections, and there were remarkable similarities among isolated plasmids. Since our test strains had been isolated from various wards in a short period of time, the results raise the possibility of unique source for some strains or high prevalence of genetic exchange among P. aeruginosa strains.

Masoud Entezariasl, Khatereh Isazadefar , Ghodrat AkhavanAkbari,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2007)

  Background & Objectives: Postoperative nausea and vomiting are among the main complication after anesthesia and various methods are used for the prevention of this complication. In this study, the effect of the pre induction use of 10mg Metoclopramide’ 8 mg Dexamethasone and the combination of the both, on decreasing in the rate of nausea and vomiting after cataract surgery in intravenous anesthesia is compared with placebo.

  Methods: In this double blind clinical trial, one hundred patients of cataract surgery who are appropriate for this study were, randomly divided in to four groups. In the group of placebo (P), 2cc normal saline, in group (M), 10mg metoclopramide, in group (D), 8mg Dexamethasone, and in group (M+D), 10mg metoclopramide and 8 mg Dexamethasone, one minute before the induction of anesthesia was injected. Patients were received the anesthetic drugs in the sameway and after the tracheal intubation infusion of propofol was started. After the end of surgical operation, the appearance of nausea and vomiting in the recovery room and also 6 and 24 hours after the surgery are recorded in the patients' information forms. Finally the data were analysed by statistical software of SPSS and the statistical tests.

  Results: After the use of these drugs, the rate of nausea in the recovery room decreased from 44% in placebo to 20% in metoclopromide group, 16% in Dexamethasone group, and 8% in combination of metoclopromide and Dexamethasone and the rate of vomiting decreased from 20% in placebo group to 4% in metoclopromide group, 4% in Dexamethasone group, and 0% in combination of these two drugs, both the nausea and vomiting the effect of combination of metoclopromide and Dexamethasone in decreasing of postoperative mausea and vomiting was significant (P<0.05). The 24 hour following of nausea and vomiting, also had the same results.

  Conclusion: With regrard to the results of this study, implication of the combination of 10mg metoclopromide and 8mg Dexamethasone before the induction of anesthesia remarkably decreased the rate of postoperative nausea and vomiting and is useful for the high risk groups for this complication especially in out patient surgery.

Masoud Entezariasl, Ghodrat Akhavan Akbari , Khatereh Isazadeh Far,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (Winter 2007)

  Background & Objective: With consideration the daily increased development of outpatient surgeries and high rate of these operations in elderly patients, rapid and safe recovery of patients for coming back to daily life is necessary. In this clinical trial study recovery time and nausea and vomiting after the use of two rapid-onset narcotic, alfentanil and remifentanil in elderly patients has been compared.

  Methods: In this double-blind clinical trial 40 elderly patients (age above 65) candidated to cataract surgery with general anesthesia were studied. The patients were divided randomly into two groups and for first group alfentanil was injected 10 m g/kg and for second group remifentanil 0.5 m g/kg during 30 seconds one minute before induction. Both two groups were under general anesthesia with same method and during the anesthesia first group took infusion of alfentanil 1 m g/kg/min and second group remifentanil 0.1 m g/kg/min. At the end of surgery the time intervals between end of anesthesia drug adminstration and autonomic respiration, eyes opening with stimulation, verbal response and discharge of recovery room, also the incidence of complications related to narcotic drugs especially nausea and vomiting were recorded. The data were analyzed in SPSS software using descriptive and analytical statistics as T-test, chi square and ANOVA.

  Results: The time of autonomic respiration in alfentanil group was 2 minutes and in remifentanil group 3.3 minutes,this time in alfentanil groupe1.3 minutes shorter but the difference was not significant. The time of eyes opening with stimulation, verbal response and discharge of recovery room were not significantly different. During recovery incidence of nausea and vomiting in remifentanil group (30% of patients) was significantly more than alfentanil group (5% of patients) (P<0.05).

  Conclusion: The time of recovery between alfentanil and remifentanil group was not significantly different, but incidence of nausea and vomiting in remifentanil group was higher than alfentanil group significantly.

Mohammad Dehgan, Neghin Akbari, Nazila Alborzi, Leili Najafi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 2008)

Background & Objectives: Even though there are different treatments for patients with pityriasis versicolor, there are not enough information about using new topical systemic treatments. In this study, the effect of clotrimazole VS topical fluconazole in treating patients with pityriasis was investigated.
Methods: A double blind randomized controlled trial was designed in dermatologic clinic of 5th Azar hospital Gorgan North of Iran, from April 2006 to May 2007. 120 patients were randomly divided into two groups: In the first group (G1), patients underwent treatment with single - dose of fluconazole capsule (400mg) and placebo cream. In the second group (G2), patients underwent treatment with clotrimazole cream (twice daily) and placebo capsule. The course of treatment was 2 weeks. All subjects were re-evaluated 2, 4 and 12 weeks after the end of the therapeutic course.
Results: In group one there were 50 patients and in group two 55. After 2 weeks, the rate of complete resolution of disease was significantly higher in G2 group than G1 (49.1% vs. 30%). After 4 weeks, 41 patients (81.2%) of G1 and 52 patients (94.9%) of G2 showed complete resolution. After 12 weeks 46 patients (92%) in G1 group and 45 patients (81.8%) in G2 group showed complete resolution. Recurrence rate in G1 and G2 groups were 6% and 18.2%, respectively. No complications were seen in the two groups.
Conclusion: In this study, clinical response at 4th week, in clotrimazole group was greater than fluconazole group. Recurrence at 12th week after treatment with oral fluconazole was less than clotrimazole cream.
Feizollah Akbari , Abbas Rahime, Hasan Eftekhar Ardabili, Negin Nahanmoghadam, Samira Shahbazzadegan,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (autumn 2009)

  Background & Objectives: Despite of high family planning coverage in Ardabil province comparing to other provinces of country, the population growth rate is higher than other provinces in Ardabil that presents incorrect, discontinuous, and interrupted use of intrauterine devices (IUD). This research was carried out to investigate the continuation, and factors affecting to interrupted use of IUD in women referring to health centers of Ardabil city in 2004.

  Methods: The Subjects of this descriptive-analytic and historical cohort study were 301 women. Data were collected by a questionnaire and were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier Survival and Log-Rank tests through SPSS software.

  Results: Duration of continuous use of IUD was more than 18 months among 77.1 % of subjects. Average duration was higher in 20-25 years women (24.5 ± 1 months). The lowest duration of continuous use of IUD was observed among women with age higher then 25 years old (14.3 ± 3.4 months). There was a significant relationship between discontinuous use of IUD and volume of menstrual bleeding (p=0.005). The mean of continuation in the women with a lot of bleeding was 20.5 ± 1 while for the women with low bleeding was 22.4 ± 1.5. Type of referring to IUD control had meaningful correlation (p=0.03) with average duration of using this device. Mean time of continuation in women that referred occasionally was 23.8 ± 0.6. There was significant relation between complication and IUD interruption. The highest interruption time belonged to the women that declared the infection, wound and PID (mean 25.5 months) and the lowest interruption time was observed in the women with bleeding and spotting (mean 18 months).

  Conclusion: Continuation of using IUD in 87.4 % of women was less than 6 months, in 81.4% was from 6 to 12 months, and in 72.1 % was from 12 to18 months. The most common reason of discontinuation was medical factors and IUD caused complication. The most common complication was bleeding.

Pooran Akhvan Akbari , Parviz Molavi, Ghodrat Akhvan Akbari , Mohammad Reza Ghodrati,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (autumn 2009)

  Background & Objectives: ECT is one of the most common methods in treatment of different types of psychological disorder. The effectiveness of this therapy has direct relation to the duration of convulsion. Knowing the rate of efficacy of anesthetic drugs over convulsion by ECT and preventing of hemodynamic complications are important. This study was conducted to compare effect of Propofol with Sodium Thiopental in the induction of anesthesia during ECT.

  Methods : The subjects of this randomized, controlled and trial study were 16 patents with psychotic disorders. These patients received Sodium Thiopental and Succinylcholine or Propofol and Succinylcholine during 72 sessions of ECT. Duration of subjective and objective convulsion and hemodynamic changes (HR and MAP) as well as side effects of anesthesia and ECT was recorded. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS.

  Results: Duration of subjective and objective convulsion was lower in Propofol taken group than Sodium Thiopental taken patients, but this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.32). The variation of hemodynamic parameter was lower among Propofol taken patients.We observed significant difference between two groups regarding to increase of arterial BP’ mean after taking drugs and immediately after ECT (p=0.04). There was not significant difference from view points of prevalence of respiratory, Hemodynamic complications, nausea, vomiting and restlessness between two groups.

  Conclusion: Duration of convulsion in induction of anesthesia in ECT with Propofol and Sodium Thiopental was not different.

Abdolhasan Kazemi , Najibeh Akbari , Eiraj Asvadi, Jamal Aivazi , Jalil Vaez , Alireza Nikanfar , Hadi Maljaei , Hosein Koshafar, Iran Nokhah, Leila Nozamani,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (summer 2010)

  Background & Objectives: Malassizia furfur (pityrosporum ovale/orbicular) and other related species are ethologic agents of tinea versicolor and pityrosporosis in normal individuals but fungal infections due these yeasts are a major cause of mortality in immunocompromised and cancer patients. Catheter-related fungemia or foliculitis is most common mycoses in immunocompromised cases, but malassezia Spp., has been frequently implicated as the causative agent of peritonitis, septic arthritis, mastitis, and sinusitis and variety ocular infections. In this study we surveyed Pityrosporom ovale in dandruff of patients with leukemia underlying chemotherapy.

  Methods: Over a one year period, 100 scale samples were obtained from 50 patients with leukemia underlying chemotherapy. All samples were stained using Metilin Blue method. In direct microscopic examination, seeing budding yeast cells with certain numbers, (bottle bacillus) on epithelial cells were reported positive sample.

  Results: Pityrosporosis were dtected in %78 patient with Leukemia. Most of patients were range of 21-30 years old (27%), that suffering from increased scale.

  Conclusion: Malassezia fur fur is one of more common noncandidal yeasts causing a variety of fungal infection. This organism is a lipophilic yeast that colonizes superficially in human skin and causes superficial mycoses such as tinea versicolor, rarely catheter– related sepsis, foliculitis and other systemic mycoses. Most reported cases of systemic mycoses due to this yeast have been in neonates or adults with malignancy or immunocompromised patients, who were receiving parenteral lipids via a central vascular catheter, undergo chemotherapy and BMT. As pityrosporosis were positive in over than 82% of studied patients, suggested that for prevention of serious fungal infections and mortality in immunocompromissed patients, it must be considered a suitable anti fungal protocol for these cases such as using shampoo or other drugs containing antifungal agents for treatment of patient underlying chemotherapy.

Hasan Adalatkhah, Farhad Pourfarzi, Mona Akbarighochani,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (winter 2010)

  Background & Objectives: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammation of pilosebaceous units. In sever forms it may lead to major scars on the face and trunk, and significant face and trunk scarring, and psychological disorders. Antiandrogen therapy can be used as a suitable and effective remedy for female acne. Furthermore, they can treat, accompanying androgenic problems. Also, there is no under consideration drug resistance against androgens. The aim of this study is to compare the therapeutic effects of flutamide and doxycycline in moderate acne in females .

  Methods: This current study is a randomized and blind evaluation trial. 62 female patients participated at this study. They were divided in two groups (case and control). Case group was received 250 mg/day flutamide, control group 100 mg/day doycycline. Both groups also received topical solution of clindamicin 1% twice daily. The length of study was six months .

  At first visit and the end of the second month of study liver function were tested for the case group patients. Evaluation of resolution in lesions was performed by another physician every two months of therapy. The probable side effects of drugs were recorded. Data were analyzed with SPSS16 software using statistical tests and p ≤ 0.05 considered as significant

  Results: The mean of patients age was 19.27 ± 3.55 years, and the difference was not found to be statistically significant in two groups. Number of comdeons on face was found to be statistically decreased in flutamide group (p<0.0001). Mean of ASI was found to be statistically decreased in flutamide group (p<0.002). In flutamide group the levels of satisfaction was higher than that of other group. Both medications well tolerated by participiants. Only two patients in flutamide group had lightly elevated serum Alkalin phosphatase .

  Conclusion: The results of our study showed that flutamide (250 mg /day) is more effective than doxycycline (100 mg/day) in treatment of acne. Satisfaction of participants in flutamide group was higher than those in doxycycline group. In both groups side effects of drugs were insignificant, but using of flutamide in acne treatment needs laboratory considerations .

Farshad Sheikh Akbari , Bita Shahbazzadegan, Mahdi Samadzadeh, Hosein Ghamary Givi, Mohammad Narimani ,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (summer 2011)

  Background & objectives: Exact diagnosis of mental disorder is important in psychology. With respect to common symptoms in schizophrenia, schizoaffective and bipolar mood, correct diagnosis of these disorders seems to be very difficult. The main goal of this study was to compare the body temperature of schizophrenic, schizoaffective and bipolar mood patients.

  Method: In this descriptive study, 60 schizophrenia, schizoaffective and bipolar mood patients, 20 persons in each group were selected. The patients were interviewed and their body temperature was measured. Finally, the data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA.

  Results: Schizophrenia, schizoaffective, bipolar mood patients had 38.15 ±11.13, 34.8±10.99, and 35.25 ± 9.05 years as a mean, respectively. About 63.3% of individuals had secondary , 15% high school, 16.7% diploma and 5% undergraduate education . About 51.7% of patients had non-governmental job, 8.3% and 40% were employed and jobless, respectively. Among them 45% were single and the rest married. 15% of individuals were admitted once, 25%, twice, 3.3% three times, 20% between 4-10 times and 41.7% frequently. Statistically, there was significant difference between the mean of body temperature in schizophrenia, schizoaffective and bipolar mood patients, (p < 0.001).

  Conclusion: The difference between the body temperature mean in three groups of patients showed that schizoaffective patients were more close to bipolar mood patients, and schizophrenia patients differ in terms of base keeping mean and body temperature balance from two other groups (schizoaffective and bipolar mood).

Ghodrat AkhavanAkbari, Masoud Entezariasl, Khatereh Isazadehfar, Tiba Mirzarahimi,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (winter 2012)

  Background & Objectives: Uncontrolled postoperative pain can cause many adverse effects such as tachycardia, hypertension, myocardial ischemia, decreased alveolar ventilation and poor wound healing. In this study we evaluated the preoperative administration of pregabalin in relieving postoperative pain after lower limb orthopedic surgery and reducing the need for opioids and their possible side effects.

  Methods: This study is a randomized, double-blind clinical trial. It was performed on 60 patients under lower limb surgery in Fatemi Hospital. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups, one group has received a 150 mg pregabalin capsule 2 hours before surgery and the other group has received placebo as a control. In both groups at 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours after surgery, the patients were evaluated and the pain score by a visual analogue scale (VAS), the score of sedation by Ramsay sedation scale and the incidence of nausea and vomiting were recorded in the checklists. Then, the data were analyzed by SPSS v16. P <0.05 was considered significant.

  Results: In this study 51.7% of patients were male and 48.3% were female. The age averages of these patients in both group were similar (p=0.578). Visual analog pain scores at 2 h after surgery reduced in pregabalin group (p<0.0001). Similar reduction was observed in other studied hours (p<0.0001) too. In the pregabalin group nausea and vomiting scores at all hours, sedation levels at 2 h and 6 h postoperation, and pethidine consumption in all hours have significantly been reduced (p<0.05).

  Conclusion: Preoperative administration of pregabalin is an effective method for reducing postoperative pain for patients, and with reduction in pethidine consumption, it can decrease problems of opioid usage.

Masoumeh Akbari , Noor Amir Mozaffari , Hadi Peeri Dogaheh,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (Autumn 2014)

  Background & objectives: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria have become a growing problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ESBL-producing bacteria in urine samples of hospitalized patients in Imam Khomeini hospital of Ardabil over a period of October 2011 to August 2012.

  Methods : A total of 400 urinary pathogens isolated from urine samples were included in the study. All isolates were identified by routine biochemical methods and antimicrobial susceptibility testing carried out by Kirby-Bauer method. Confirmatory test for production of ESBLs was performed by the combination disk tests. The results were interpreted according to the recommendation of CLSI.

  Results : Of 400 isolated bacteria, 267 were E.coli, 39 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 17 Klebsiella oxytoca, 16 Enterobacter cloacae, 15 Enterobacter aerogenese, 6 Enterobacter agglomerans, 8 Enterobacter sakazakji, 3 Citrobacter froundi, 2 Citrobacter diversus, 3 Proteus mirabilis, 4 Edvardsiella tarta, 3 Serratia marcesecens and 17 Morganella morganii all of which then were analyzed. ESBL was detected in 36.75% (147) of isolates. Eighty nine E.coli cases (77.4%), 15 Klebsiella pneumonia (13.04%), 2 Klebsiella oxytoca (1.74%), 3 Enterobacter aerogenese (2.6%), 4 Enterobacter cloacae (3.5%), 1 Citrobacter ferundi (0.86%), and 1 Morganella morganii (0.86%) were detected as ESBLs producers, respectively.

  Conclusion : Based on the results of this study, broad-spectrum beta-lactamase production in bacterial strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infection was very high and almost 40% of all bacterial species isolates were ESBLs producers. Because of the high prevalence of ESBL-producing bacteria in the urinary tract infections in hospitalized patients of our area, we would strongly suggest that the ESBL production should be considered in these patients.

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مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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