:: Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2013) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2013, 13(2): 132-141 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Blood Glucose, Lipid Profile and Apo
Fahimeh Esfarjani , Fatemeh Rashidi, Seyied Mohammad Marandi
Abstract:   (9601 Views)

  Background & Objectives: Elevated apolipoprotein B-100 and decreased Plasma HDL due to hypertriglyceridemia are common abnormalities in insulin-resistant subjects that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 8 weeks progressive aerobic exercise (AE) on blood glucose, lipidand lipoprotein profile, and aerobic power in adults with type 2 diabetes.

  Methods: Twenty nine women with type 2 diabetes (mean age 43.4 ± 1.7 years and blood glucose range of 150 to 230 mg/dl ) were divided into a control (n=14) and exercise (n=15) groups. Exercise group participated in an aerobic training program 3 times per week for 8 weeks. The intensity of aerobic exercise was 60–75% of HR max. The control subjects were asked not to alter their physical activity patterns. All subjects underwent anthropometric, lipid profile and aerobic power evaluation, at the baseline and 48 hours after last session training. Following a 12 h overnight fasting, a venous blood sample was drawn for the analysis of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and (apoB100). Paired t test and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to analyze the data.

  Results: Significant improvement was observed in FBS, aerobic power, percent body fat, (Apo) B-100 and triglycerides (p< 0.05) for the exercise compared with the control group after training. No significant difference was observed in TC, LDL and HDL between two groups.

  Conclusion: According to our findings moderate intensity physical exercise can be effective in preventing the atherosclerosis via significant improvement in blood sugar, cardiovascular endurance, Apo B-100 and triglyceride in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: Aerobic Training; Blood Glucose; Lipid Profile; Apo B-100; Type II Diabetes
Full-Text [PDF 171 kb]   (1866 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2011/10/31 | Accepted: 2013/01/1 | Published: 2013/06/22


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Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2013) Back to browse issues page