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:: Volume 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2007) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2007, 7(3): 263-268 Back to browse issues page
Risk Factors of Gall Stones
Khalil Rostami , Abbas Yazdanbood, Nayereh Amini Sani, Faranak Moharami
Abstract:   (7089 Views)

 Background & Objectives: One of the most common gastrointestinal diseases is gallstone and its complications, that leads to hospitalization and expensive cost. Since Causative factors in this disease are so many that some of them can be preventable and there has not been a study on the risk factor and gallstone, this study investigates the relationship between riskfactor and gallstone,

 Methods: This was a case-control. study A total of 150 patients with gallstone using the simple nonrandomized method were selected and were compared with 150 hospital controls with which they were matched. The risk factors for gallstone formation (age, gender, family history, parity, obesity, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia) were assessed in all of subjects. The association of gallstone with all these risk factor was evaluated with statistical tests including chi-square, ANOVA.

  Results: In this study, 117 cases (78%) were female and the other 33 cases (22%) were male. 42 persons (28%) were between 40-49 years old and about body mass index 63 persons (42%) were at the range of 25-299 (overweight). The mean serum level of triglyceride in women of case-group was 152.7 ± 7.5 in comparison with 117.8 ± 57.7 mg/dl in control group (p=0.001). Mean duration of oral contraceptive pills in case was 6.9 ± 4.9 in comparison with 3.1 ± 2.9 years in control group. There was a positive correlation between Goldstone, BMI and mean serum trighyceridz level in women (p=0.001, p=0.001). There was not any arelationship between the parity, smoking, hyper chlostrolemia, hypertriglyceride (in men), positive family history and gallstone.

 Conclusion: In this study, bidy mas index, the period of taking oral contraceptive pills and triglyceride play roles in gallstone formation. Since these factors can be interventional, it is essential that good plannings be devised to improve them.

Keywords: Gallstone, Risk Factors, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertriglyceridemia
Full-Text [PDF 162 kb]   (1740 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2005/11/11 | Accepted: 2007/02/4 | Published: 2008/04/14
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Rostami K, Yazdanbood A, Amini Sani N, Moharami F. Risk Factors of Gall Stones . J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2007; 7 (3) :263-268
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-374-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2007) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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