:: Volume 18, Issue 4 (winter 2019) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2019, 18(4): 419-428 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Conjugated Blackcurrant Extract and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles on Histopathologic Damage of Kidney Tissue in Diabetic Rats
Sepideh Ahmadi Sagerlou , Reza Alipanah-Moghadam , Ramin Salimnejad
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences , Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (3445 Views)
Background & objectives: One of the most important diabetes complications is chronic renal failure. This disorder is one of the most important progressive renal problems that is closely associated with high mortality rate in diabetic patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of conjugated blackcurrant extract and  zinc oxide nanoparticles on histopathologic damages of kidney tissue in diabetic rats.
Methods: A total of thirty adult Wistar rats were used and they were randomly divided into the following six groups (n=5): control group; diabetic group (170 mg/kg alloxan); diabetic group treated with insulin (170 mg/kg alloxan & 10 U/kg insulin); diabetic group treated with ZnO nanoparticle (170 mg/kg alloxan & 8 mg/kg ZnO nanoparticle); diabetic group treated with extract (170 mg/kg alloxan & 150 mg/kg blackcurrant extract) and diabetic group treated with extract conjugated with ZnO nanoparticles (170 mg/kg alloxan & 8 mg/kg blackcurrant extract conjugated with ZnO nanoparticle). Diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal injection of alloxan monohydrate. Conjugated blackcurrant extract and ZnO nanoparticles were produced using green synthesis method. The tissues were stained with hematoxylin and eosin stain. Image J software was used for evaluation of histopathological changes.
Results: The comparison between groups treated with blackcurrant extract, ZnO nanoparticles and blackcurrant extract conjugated with ZnO nanoparticle showed that these compounds somewhat protect kidney tissue from diabetes damage . The highest protective effect was observed in diabetic group treated with ZnO nanoparticles conjugated with blackcurrant extract.
Conclusion: Our study, for the first time, showed that the conjugation of blackcurrant extract to ZnO nanoparticles can be effective in preventing renal- tissue damage in diabetic patient.

Keywords: Blackcurrant, ZnO Nanoparticles, Diabetes, Renal Damage
Full-Text [PDF 336 kb]   (565 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: بیوشیمی
Received: 2018/06/20 | Accepted: 2018/12/21 | Published: 2018/12/31

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Volume 18, Issue 4 (winter 2019) Back to browse issues page