:: Volume 17, Issue 3 (autumn 2017) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2017, 17(3): 288-298 Back to browse issues page
Determination of Contamination Ratio and Risk Factors Associated with Alveolar and Cystic Echinococcosis by ELISA and Portable Ultrasonography in Moghan Plain, Ardabil Province, Northwest of Iran
Hafez Mirzanejad-Asl
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (4116 Views)
Background & objectives: Alveolar and cystic echinococcosis (CE and AE) are caused by the larval stages of Echinococcus multilocularis and Echinococcus granolosus, respectively. This study was conducted to determine the spread of human AE and CE diseases among the tribes and livestock breeders and farmers in the Moghan plain. The prevalence of infection (CE and AE) significantly increases with a rise in age.
Methods: In this study, using ELISA and HCF-Ag (raw liquid antigen of hydatid cyst) was used for the first time to perform screening, and then the prevalence of cystic echinococcosis and alveolar echinococcosis was evaluated by specific anti-genes Ag-5 and EM2+, respectively. A total of 2003 serum samples were collected randomly from normal populations of five different areas of Moghan plain. In the first stage, serum screening was tested using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and HCF-Ag. After that, the serology of all sera was evaluated by ELISA and specific antigens for alveolar and cystic Echinococcus.
Results: From 2003 samples, 24 serum samples were (1.19%) AE-positive. Infection was higher in men than women (2.1% vs. 0.6%). The age group of 5-19years had the lowest infection rate and the age group 40- 59 years had the highest infection rate (2%). In the case of cystic ecinococcosis, 164 serum samples were positive for Ag-5 specific antigen, i.e. 7.6% infection, and 156 serum samples were positive for Ag-B-specific antigen.
Conclusion: The findings showed that the highest infection rate was found in the Boran and Eivazlou (Palanglou) regions of Moghan plain and the lowest level of human infection was reported in Parsabad region (Nadar-kandi and Agh-ghabagh). In areas with higher contamination, the risk factor associated with CE and AE were the type of water used, the method of washing edible and wild vegetables, occupation and having or not having knowledge of hydatid disease. The infection of Moghan region dogs is one of the main indicators and potential risk factors for human infection.
Keywords: Alveolar Echinococcus, Zoonosis, Moghan Plain, HCF-Ag, Cystic Echinococcosis
Full-Text [PDF 324 kb]   (1001 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: General
Received: 2017/05/20 | Accepted: 2017/09/21 | Published: 2017/10/2

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Volume 17, Issue 3 (autumn 2017) Back to browse issues page