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:: Volume 12, Issue 4 (winter 2012) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2012, 12(4): 426-436 Back to browse issues page
Study of Important Risk Factors for the Development of Multiple Sclerosis in Patients Admitted to Alavi Hospital of Ardabil
Mohammad Sahebalzamani, Saeid Mehri , Davar Altafi
Abstract:   (6123 Views)

  Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system with multifocal areas of demyelination. Genetic and environmental factors could be involved in etiology of disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate important risk factors for MS progression in patients admitted in Alavi hospital, Ardabil.

  Methods : The present research is an analytical, case-control study in groups with or without MS with same age and sex (80 subjects in each group). A self-made questionary including demographic characteristics and risk factors used as a data compilation instrument which validity reliability were confirmed by content and α-Coronbach tests respectively. Data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive and inferential statistics.

  Results: Factors such bachelorship (p=0.037), accidental head and back traumas (p=0.003), smoking (p=0.035), smoke exposures (p= 0.0001), meat regimen (p=0.0001), contact with birds (p=0.032), inadequate sunlight exposure (p=0.034), occupational pollution (p=0.002), menarche age (p=0.016), family history (p=0.029), being third born in family (p=0.034), were found as significant risk factors for multiple sclerosis.

  Conclusion : The present study demonstrates that factors such as smoke, trauma, environmental pollution, touching birds and family history of MS are important risk factors for onset of multiple sclerosis.

Keywords: Multiple Sclerosis; Risk Factors; Disease Development
Full-Text [PDF 323 kb]   (2220 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2011/11/10 | Accepted: 2012/04/17 | Published: 2012/12/21
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Sahebalzamani M, Mehri S, Altafi D. Study of Important Risk Factors for the Development of Multiple Sclerosis in Patients Admitted to Alavi Hospital of Ardabil. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2012; 12 (4) :426-436
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-79-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 4 (winter 2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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