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:: Volume 14, Issue 3 (Autumn 2014) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2014, 14(3): 274-284 Back to browse issues page
Comparison the Impact of Spark Motor Program and Basketball Techniques on Improving Gross Motor Skills in Educable Intellectually Disabled Boys
Hashem Faal Moghanlo , Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini, Farzaneh Mikaili Manee
Abstract:   (6572 Views)

  Background & objectives : Different types of practises are known for improving motor skills in intellectually disabled boys. The purpose of this study was to compar e the impact of spark motor program and basketball on improving of gross motor skills in this people.

  Methods: In this semi-experimental study , from 98 educable intellectually disabled students who studied in special school in Urmia, 30 children ( age range of 9 to 13 years and IQ mean 64.4 ) were selected objectively and divided in three groups (2 experimental and 1 control) based on pre - test. BOTMP was used as a measurement of motor ability. Selected motor program (Spark motor program) including strengthening training, games, sports and basketball techniques was performed for 24 sessions. T-tests (dependent) and co-variance were used to comparison of results.

  Results: In Spark group after 24 sessions, there were significant effects on balance (p= 0.000), bilateral coordination (p=0.000) and strength (p=0.001). There was no significant effect in agility and speed (p= 0.343) in basketball techniques group after 24 sessions, there were significant effects in agility and speed (p= 0.001), balance (p= 0.000), bilateral coordination (p= 0.013) and strength (p= 0.007).

  Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it can be claimed that the Spark program and basketball techniques improve gross motor skills in educable intellectually disabled students. We also found a significant difference between the Spark program and basketball techniques efficacy on the improved skills. Furthermore, the efficacy of Spark program was significantly higher than basketball techniques (p<0.05).

Keywords: Spark Motor Program, Basketball Techniques, Intellectually Disabled, Gross Motor Skills, Bruininks - Oseretsky Test
Full-Text [PDF 152 kb]   (2135 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/01/14 | Accepted: 2014/08/21 | Published: 2014/09/28
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Faal Moghanlo H, Hosseini F S, Mikaili Manee F. Comparison the Impact of Spark Motor Program and Basketball Techniques on Improving Gross Motor Skills in Educable Intellectually Disabled Boys. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2014; 14 (3) :274-284
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-692-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 3 (Autumn 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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