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:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2005) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2005, 5(2): 175-179 Back to browse issues page
Determining the Causes of Respiratory Distress in 6-Month to Five-Year-Old Children in Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad 1999-2001
Ahmad Hashemzadeh , Farhad Heidarian
Abstract:   (4675 Views)

  Background & Objectives: Respiratory distress is one of the most important causes of children admission in hospitals. In most cases, it is due to pneumonia, asthma or acute bronchiolitis. Since theses diseases have a lot of symptoms in common, we decided to study these disorders in more details to facilitate the appropriate diagnosis and treatment based on clinical, laboratory and radiologic findings.

  Methods: 238 children who suffered from respiratory distress and were admitted to pediatric ward in Ghaem hospital were studied. This descriptive study was performed during 3 years including 2 retrospective and one prospective year. The relationship between variables was analyzed using chi-square test.

  Results: The patients were six months to five years old. Pneumonia (40.3%) asthma (30.3%) and bronchiolotis (16.8%) were the most common causes of respiratory distress. Totally, 61.1% of the patients were male. The mean age of the patients was 10.3 months in bronchiolitis and 36.6 months for asthma. The most common symptom among these three diseases was tachypnea. Most of the patients were admitted in winter and fall respectively. The main radiologic pattern in pneumonia was pulmonary infiltration and for asthma and acute bronchiolitis it was pulmonary hyperinflation.

  Conclusion: Proper attention to signs and symptoms as well as laboratory and radiologic fndings is necessary for accurate diagnosis. In this study the most common cause of respiratory distress in children under 5 was found to be pneumonia, asthma and bronchiolitis respectively.

Keywords: Respiratory Distress, Asthma, Pneumonia, Bronchiolitis
Full-Text [PDF 88 kb]   (3966 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2004/07/4 | Accepted: 2005/07/30 | Published: 2005/11/13
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Hashemzadeh A, Heidarian F. Determining the Causes of Respiratory Distress in 6-Month to Five-Year-Old Children in Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad 1999-2001. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2005; 5 (2) :175-179
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-606-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 2 (Summer 2005) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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