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:: Volume 3, Issue 4 (Winter 2003) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2003, 3(4): 7-12 Back to browse issues page
Amblyopia Screening in Ardabil Province, 1998-2001
Ahad Azami , Saeid Sadeghieh, Habib Ojaghi, Firooz Amani, Manoochehr Barak
Abstract:   (4658 Views)

 Background & Objective: The nationwide amblyopia prevention program is performed by prevention deputy of welfare organization every year. In this analytic report practical results of screening program in 1998-2001 were presented and compared with similar findings in other countries. The results were also compared with the findings of previous similar researches in Iran.

  Methods : The amblyopia screening program was performed on all 3-65 year-old children in day-care centers as well as those referring to the visual acuity measuring centers. The first examination was accomplished by trainers. In the second step doubtful cases were referred to optometrist by trainers and amblyopia was diagnosed by an optometrist and confirmed by an eye specialist after excluding organic causes.

 Results: 608 out of 8427(7.21%) children examined by trainers in 2001 were referred to an optometrist because of suspected visual disorders. The prevalence of amblyopia in different cities of Ardabil province was 2%-15%. The figures in 2000-2001 were 10% (Rangs=1%-13%), respectively. In 1998 it was 11% (Range =5%-13%). In the second phase of amblyopia plan the prevalence of visual problems was estimated about 21%, 45%, 47%, and 74% in 1998-2001, respectively. In the third phase of the plan the amblyopia prevalence for children examined by eye-specialist in 1999-2001 were 1.6%, 1.41% and 1.25% respectively.

 Conclusions: In this research the prevalence of amblyopia was found to be 1.42% which has a conformity with the findings of other countries. Moreover, the higher variation in the estimation of the prevalence of visual disorders in this province requires further comparative researches.

Keywords: Amblyopia, Screening, Pre-School Children
Full-Text [PDF 359 kb]   (888 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2001/10/3 | Accepted: 2003/12/19 | Published: 2004/05/3
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Azami A, Sadeghieh S, Ojaghi H, Amani F, Barak M. Amblyopia Screening in Ardabil Province, 1998-2001. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2003; 3 (4) :7-12
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-509-en.html


Volume 3, Issue 4 (Winter 2003) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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