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:: Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2013) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2013, 13(2): 119-131 Back to browse issues page
Parametric Modeling of Nerve Cell under the Sinusoidal Environmental 50 Hz Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields
Homayoun Ebrahimian , Seyied Mohammad Firoozabadi, Mahyar Janahmadi, Mehri Kaviani Moghadam
Abstract:   (7183 Views)

  Background & Objectives: The development of technology has naturally given rise to an increase in environmental low-frequency electromagnetic fields and consequently has attracted scholars' attention. Most of the studies have focused on transmission lines and power system distribution with 50 Hz. This research is an attempt to show the effect of 50 Hz magnetic fields on bioelectric parameters and indicates the possible influence of this change in F1 cells of Helix aspersa .

  Methods: The present research used Helix aspersa neuron F1 to identify the location of magnetic fields as well as the rate of effects of environmental magnetic fields on nervous system. Control group was used to study the effect of elapsed time, electrode entering and the cell membrane rupture. Intuition group and environmental group were considered in order to study the potential impact of interfering environmental factors and identify the effectiveness rate of magnetic fields, respectively. For the purpose of producing uniform magnetic field Helmholtz coil was used. Electrophysiological recording was realized under the requirements of current clamp. And, in order to show the impacts from magnetic fields on ion channels Hodgkin-Huxley cell model was applied. All data were analyzed taking the advantage of SPSS 16 software and two-way ANOVA statistical test. P < 0.05 was considered as significance level. And MATLAB software environment and PSO were used in order for applying the algorithm and estimating the parameters.

  Result: No statistically significant difference was found between control and sham groups in different time intervals. Once the 45.87 microtesla was applied significant differences were observed 12 minutes after the application. The highest amount of change happened 14 minutes after the application of more fields. With the application of the field, the amplitude of the sodium action potential shows decreasing trend . No significant changes were observed in different time intervals, whereas significant differences were seen in frequency of action potential during different time intervals. The amplitude of AHP shows no significant changes .

  Conclusion: The results indicated that low-frequency magnetic fields with 50 Hz frequency will directly lead to change in bioelectric activities of neurons through a change in amount and rate of opening and closing of ionic channels and the conductivity of sodium and potassium channels reduces together with increase in conductance of potassium dependent calcium channel (AHP).

Keywords: Nerve Cells, Current Clamp, Hodgkin-Huxley Model, Ionic Channels, Environmental Electromagnetic Fields
Full-Text [PDF 474 kb]   (1510 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2011/12/28 | Accepted: 2012/12/27 | Published: 2013/06/22
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Ebrahimian H, Firoozabadi S M, Janahmadi M, Kaviani Moghadam M. Parametric Modeling of Nerve Cell under the Sinusoidal Environmental 50 Hz Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2013; 13 (2) :119-131
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-40-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 2 (summer 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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