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:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2008, 8(1): 14-19 Back to browse issues page
Effective Factors on Burn Incidence in Children under 6 yrs in rural areas of Ardabil 2003
Mehrdad Biriya , Shahnam Arshi, Homayoun Sadeghi, Niloofar Malekpoor
Abstract:   (4797 Views)
Background & Objective: one of the most important challenges during the recent century will be to decrease the global burden of accidents. In Iran although respiratory infections and diarrhea were major reasons of mortality rates, Accidents have come to be one of the main causes of child mortality. In rural areas of ardebil province burns constituted 75% of home
injuries in preschool aged children.
Methods: The study was conducted as a case-control study which included rural children of Ardabil under 6. Number of cases were 145 & controls were 289. Data analysis was done using SPSS 11 ver.
Results: 6.8% of case group mothers and 12% of control group mothers had academic education. Difference of mean for sill of kitchen and the ratio of sill of kitchen on sill of house and also difference of mean for sill of house per person were not statistically significant between case and control groups. No statistically significant difference was found in fuel type used cooking or heating between case and control group. No statistically significant
difference was found in heating device between Them. only in one third of houses in both groups separate place was available for cooking purpose and cooking was done in rooms.
Child presence in kitchen while cooking was 76.7% in case and 70.9% in control group. Child access to flamers like lighters and matches was 80% in case compared to 69% in control group. The difference was shown to be statistically significant. No statistically significant difference was found in using Valor's and picnic gas for cooking between case and control group.
Conclusion:chance of burn injury in preschool aged children in those houses that keepmatches and the lighters out of children reach was 1.8 times lower.
Keywords: Burn, Risk Factors, Rural Area, Children under 6 yrs, Children Accidents
Full-Text [PDF 94 kb]   (729 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2007/04/4 | Accepted: 2007/05/19 | Published: 2008/12/13
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Biriya M, Arshi S, Sadeghi H, Malekpoor N. Effective Factors on Burn Incidence in Children under 6 yrs in rural areas of Ardabil 2003. J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2008; 8 (1) :14-19
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-338-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2008) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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