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:: Volume 14, Issue 1 (spring 2014) ::
J Ardabil Univ Med Sci 2014, 14(1): 63-70 Back to browse issues page
Study on Changes in Epidemiological Patterns and Parameters of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Patients Referred to Health Care Centers of Meshkin Shahr during 2001-2012: (A Retrospective Study)
Eslam Moradi Asl, Mahdi Mohebali, Behnam Mohammadi-ghalehbin , Akbar Ganji, Soheila Molaei, Roshanak Mehrivar, Zabiholah Zareei
Abstract:   (5951 Views)

  Background & Objectives : Visceral leishmaniasis is an important endemic disease in Iran and Meshkin shahr County is the most important foci of visceral leishmaniasis in Iran. The aim of this study is the survey of recent changes in epidemiological patterns of visceral leishmaniasis in Meshkin Shar area during 12 years.

  Methods : This is a descriptive retrospective study. Records of 193 cases with confirmed kala-azar disease were reviewed in the period of 2001-2012. Data collected from files and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and SPSS v.15.

  Results : From 193 patients with confirmed kala-azar disease, 85% were resident in rural and 15% in urban areas. Among of these patients, 43% were female and 57% male. About 66% of patients were under 2 years old, 23% in age group between 2-5 years and 11% above five years. Among four parts of Meshkin Shahr County, in the first five years of the study, the most cases of the disease were from the central part, but in second six years the most cases were from the west part of this county and in latest year (2012) it has been coverted .

  Conclusions : Incidence of kala-azar was decreased during last 12 years. Because of high infection rate in dogs and considering important role of these reservoirs in conserving and distribution of disease, stopped health activities in any parts of area can increase the incidence of disease.

Keywords: Visceral Leishmaniasis, Meshkin-Shahr, Epidemiology, Kala-azar
Full-Text [PDF 344 kb]   (1453 Downloads)    
Type of Study: article | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/08/11 | Accepted: 2014/01/8 | Published: 2014/03/13
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Moradi Asl E, Mohebali M, Mohammadi-ghalehbin B, Ganji A, Molaei S, Mehrivar R et al . Study on Changes in Epidemiological Patterns and Parameters of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Patients Referred to Health Care Centers of Meshkin Shahr during 2001-2012: (A Retrospective Study). J Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2014; 14 (1) :63-70
URL: http://jarums.arums.ac.ir/article-1-257-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 1 (spring 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اردبیل Journal of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences
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